Public Health Grand Rounds
The use of multiple substances, including tobacco, alcohol, and opioids, during pregnancy can have negative effects on a pregnant person and the developing baby. Research suggests that polysubstance use (using more than one substance at a time) during pregnancy is common. Recent evidence suggests that polysubstance use is highest during early pregnancy.
Acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) is an uncommon but serious neurologic condition. It affects the nervous system and causes the muscles and reflexes in the body to become weak. Most AFM cases have been in young children. Cases have been increasing every other year in the US since 2014.
The June session of Grand Rounds, “Smoking Cessation: Past, Present, and Future” was viewed in 7 foreign countries, 49 states, and the District of Columbia.
Special note: The surgeon general of the United States, Vice Admiral Jerome Adams, will introduce this special Grand Rounds via Zoom.
Public Health Grand Rounds will present key findings on the recently released US Surgeon General’s report on Smoking Cessation. Smoking remains the leading preventable cause of death and disease in the United States. Although the percentage of adults who smoke is at an all-time low in the US, 34 million adults still smoke and therefore continue to be at risk of developing smoking-related diseases.
The 2020 Surgeon General’s report is the first to focus solely on smoking cessation since 1990. Grand Rounds speakers will discuss progress on smoking cessation made over the past decades, such as clinical treatments and tools that increase the chances of success. Presenters will also give updates on the health benefits of quitting smoking and what strategies work best to help people quit smoking for good.
The Advanced Molecular Detection (AMD) Program, established by Congress in 2013, has led the adaptation and deployment of novel laboratory technologies, namely next-generation sequencing and bioinformatics, in the US public health system. AMD technologies are now in use across the range of infectious diseases of public health importance, such as bacterial foodborne illness, tuberculosis, influenza, malaria and Legionnaires’ disease. This session of Public Health Grand Rounds addresses the rapid advances in AMD, how these technologies are being applied in public health, and their future uses.
CDC is leading a national genomics consortium to help coordinate SARS-CoV-2 sequencing in labs across the US. Large-scale, rapid genomic sequencing of the virus that causes COVID-19 will allow public health experts to:
- Monitor important changes in the virus as it continues to circulate.
- Gain important insights to support contact tracing.
- Provide crucial information to aid in identifying diagnostic and therapeutic targets.
- Advance public health research in the areas of transmission dynamics, host response, and evolution of the virus.
Listen to our new Beyond the Data podcast and find out how labs can monitor changes in the virus and provide diagnostic and potential treatment information.
Diabetes is a serious public health problem. About 34 million Americans have diabetes, and more than 88 million American adults have prediabetes. People with prediabetes have blood sugar levels that are higher than normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. They are at risk for type 2 diabetes, heart attack and stroke, but lifestyle changes, such as losing weight and increasing physical activity, can reduce their risk and may even prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes.
Learn how participating in the CDC-led National Diabetes Prevention Program lifestyle change program can help prevent or delay type 2 diabetes in those at high risk.
Last year marked the highest number of measles cases in a single year in the United States since 1992, with a total of 1,282 confirmed cases. More than 73% of these cases were linked to outbreaks in New York, affecting under-vaccinated communities. Measles was declared eliminated in the United States in 2000; however, the sustained transmission of almost 12 months nearly led to the loss of our elimination status.
Dr. John Iskander recaps our excellent 2019 Grand Rounds season and announces our new “Beyond the Data” podcast debuting in January 2020. Watch any of these sessions to earn free CE credit.
There is no live session for December.
The November session of Grand Rounds, “PFAS and Protecting Your Health,” was viewed in 3 foreign countries and 41 states, the District of Columbia, and the US Virgin Islands
Human exposure to PFAS (per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances) is a growing public health concern. PFAS are a large group of human-made chemicals that have been used in industry and consumer products worldwide since the 1950s. These chemicals are in food packaging and many other household products, and have been found in the air, soil, and water.
Approximately 6.5 million people in the United States have an intellectual disability (ID). It is the most common developmental disability. Yet, people with intellectual disabilities report difficulty finding appropriately trained and willing healthcare providers.
Pregnant women should routinely receive the Tdap (pertussis) vaccine and the influenza (flu) vaccine, as recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). These vaccines have been shown to provide significant benefits to mother and baby.
CDC Public Health Grand Rounds is a monthly scientific presentation featuring the important work that CDC is doing in the United States and around the world to protect people and save lives. Experts discuss major public health issues, key challenges, cutting-edge scientific evidence, potential solutions, and recent developments. Each session is the result of a rigorous process which takes months to prepare. This attention to detail ensures that our audiences receive up-to-date, scientifically accurate, and usable information. Grand Rounds welcomes clinicians, researchers, students of public health, medicine and nursing, and the public that we serve to attend in person or watch the live webcast. Did you miss the live session? No worries! We invite you to watch Grand Rounds on our “On Demand” page where we archive each session for your convenience. Free Continuing Education is available for most topics.
- November 17, 2020, Homelessness
Smoking remains the leading preventable cause of death and disease in the United States. Although the percentage of adults who smoke is at an all-time low in the US, 34 million adults still smoke and therefore continue to be at risk of developing smoking-related diseases.
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