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  • Characteristics of Initial Prescription Episodes and Likelihood of Long-Term Opioid Use — United States, 2006–2015

    	The figure above is a photograph showing pills spilling out from a bottle.March 17, 2017
    Likelihood of chronic opioid use increased with each additional day of medication supplied, starting with the third day for a representative sample of opioid naïve, cancer-free adults who received a prescription for opioid pain relievers. Sharpest increases were observed after the fifth and 31st day on therapy, a second prescription or refill, 700 morphine milligram equivalents cumulative dose, and an initial 10- or 30-day supply.

  • Trends in Suicide by Level of Urbanization — United States, 1999–2015

    	The figure above is a photograph showing a man in a baseball cap sitting in the dark.March 17, 2017
    After declining since 1986, the suicide rate in the United States increased during 2000–2015. This study provides added support to previous findings that a geographic disparity in suicide rates exists in the United States, with higher rates in less urban areas and lower rates in more urban areas, and extends these findings to characterize suicide trends by urbanization level over time.

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Surveillance Summaries

  • Traumatic Brain Injury–Related Emergency Department Visits, Hospitalizations, and Deaths — United States, 2007 and 2013

    March 17, 2017 
    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has short- and long-term adverse clinical outcomes, including death and disability. TBI can be caused by a number of principal mechanisms, including motor-vehicle crashes, falls, and assaults. This report describes the estimated incidence of TBI-related emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalizations, and deaths during 2013 and makes comparisons to similar estimates from 2007. In 2013, approximately 2.5 million TBI-related ED visits, approximately 282,000 TBI-related hospitalizations, and approximately 56,000 TBI-related deaths occurred in the United States. The highest rates of TBI-related ED visits, hospitalizations, and deaths were observed among persons aged ≥75 years; this suggests an urgent need to enhance fall-prevention efforts in that population.

  • Differences in Health Care, Family, and Community Factors Associated with Mental, Behavioral, and Developmental Disorders Among Children Aged 2–8 Years in Rural and Urban Areas — United States, 2011–2012

    March 17, 2017
    Mental, behavioral, and developmental disorders (MBDDs) begin in early childhood and often affect lifelong health and well-being. Persons who live in rural areas report more health-related disparities than those in urban areas, including poorer health, more health risk behaviors, and less access to health resources. This report uses data from the National Survey of Children’s Health to examine sociodemographic, health care, family, and community factors among U.S. children aged 2–8 years with and without MBDDs according to whether they live in in urban, large rural, small rural, or isolated areas.

Recommendations and Reports

  • Core Elements of Outpatient Antibiotic Stewardship

    November 11, 2016
    Antibiotic stewardship is the effort to measure and improve how antibiotics are prescribed by clinicians and used by patients. Improving antibiotic prescribing involves implementing effective strategies to modify prescribing practices to align them with evidence-based recommendations for diagnosis and management. This report provides a framework for antibiotic stewardship for outpatient clinicians and facilities that routinely provide antibiotic treatment. Establishing effective antibiotic stewardship interventions can protect patients and improve clinical outcomes in outpatient health care settings.

Notifiable Diseases

  • Summary of Notifiable Infectious Diseases and Conditions — United States, 2014

    October 14, 2016
    Health-care providers in the United States are required to report certain infectious diseases to a specified state or local authority. A disease is designated as notifiable if timely information about individual cases is considered necessary for prevention and control of the disease. Each year, CDC publishes a summary of the cases of notifiable disease reported for the most recent year for which data is available. This report presents a summary of notifiable diseases for 2014.

  • Summary of Notifiable Noninfectious Conditions and Disease Outbreaks

    October 14, 2016
    The 2016 Summary of Notifiable Noninfectious Conditions and Disease Outbreaks — United States contains official statistics for the occurrence of nationally notifiable noninfectious conditions and disease outbreaks and is published for the second time in the same volume of MMWR as the annual Summary of Notifiable Infectious Diseases and Conditions. The summary includes seven chapters addressing the following subjects: acute pesticide-related illness and injury arising from occupational exposure, acute nonoccupational pesticide-related illness and injury, cancer, elevated blood lead levels among children, elevated blood lead levels among adults, silicosis, and foodborne and waterborne disease outbreaks. CDC’s Center for Surveillance, Epidemiology, and Laboratory Services (CSELS) coordinated the development and publication of this annual summary.

Supplements

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