CDC Vital Signs

About 154,000 people (14%) who have HIV don’t know it and need testing.
About 154,000 people (14%) who have HIV don’t know it and need testing.

About 37% of people who know they have HIV don’t have it under control* and need treatment.
1 in 6 adults experienced four or more types of ACEs.
About 37% of people who know they have HIV don’t have it under control* and need treatment.

About 4 in 5 (82%) people who could benefit from medicine to prevent HIV (PrEP) aren’t getting it.
1 in 6 adults experienced four or more types of ACEs.
About 4 in 5 (82%) people who could benefit from medicine to prevent HIV (PrEP)† aren’t getting it.

* HIV that is under control or undetectable has less than 200 copies of HIV per milliliter of blood.
† Pre-exposure Prophylaxis, or PrEP, is an oral pill for people at very high risk for getting HIV. When used as prescribed, PrEP can prevent HIV.

About Vital Signs

The CDC Vital Signs monthly report was launched in 2010. It includes an MMWR Early Release, a graphic fact sheet and website, a media release, and social media tools. Most of the materials are available in English and Spanish.

Vital Signs reports cover an important health threat and what can be done to drive down the disease. Past topics have included cancer screening, alcohol and tobacco use, HIV testing, motor vehicle safety, cardiovascular disease, healthcare-associated infections, and foodborne disease.

Please sign up to get Vital Signs through email each month at Vital Signs. Feel free to share CDC Vital Signs information broadly with your partners. Take advantage of CDC’s social media tools, such as the CDC Vital Signs buttons and email updates. You can have CDC Vital Signs reports sent directly to your own website to display through our content syndication service.

Page last reviewed: December 3, 2019
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