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Primary Prevention and Public Health Strategies to Prevent Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome

Presented on .

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) is a growing problem in the United States. NAS occurs when newborn babies experience withdrawal after being exposed to drugs in the womb. NAS can cause low birth weight and other complications leading to prolonged hospitalization. NAS can occur with a variety of both illicit and prescription drugs, including some prescription painkillers. The rates of NAS increased 5 times between the year 2000 and the year 2013. As of 2012, there was an average of one infant born with NAS every 25 minutes in the United States, accounting for an estimated $1.5 billion in healthcare spending that year alone.

Fortunately, NAS is preventable if an expectant mother receives proper care and treatment. One of the most effective prevention strategies is to improve preconception health care, and to educate both patients and providers about appropriate use of prescription drugs during pregnancy. Though there have been some recent initiatives to reduce rates of opioid use, few have included a focus on pregnant women and their babies. Screening of pregnant women can also be an effective prevention strategy by determining who may need additional care or treatment for opioid use.

In this session of Public Health Grand Rounds, you will hear how CDC is working with state and local partners to develop better policies for opioid prescribing among pregnant women. You will also hear how providers and patients can work together to prevent NAS by learning more about the choices that they make.

Beyond the Data, August 16, 2016

In this session of Beyond the Data, Dr. Phoebe Thorpe and Dr. Stephen Patrick discuss the causes of neonatal abstinence syndrome, and how health care providers and policymakers are working to address this growing problem.

Presented By
CAPT Wanda D Barfield, MD, MPH, FAAP
Director, Division of Reproductive Health
National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC
Cheryl S Broussard, hD
Health Scientist, Birth Defects Branch
Division of Congenital and Developmental Disorders
National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, CDC
Kimberly A Yonkers, MD
Director, Center for Wellbeing of Women and Mothers
Professor, Deparments of Psychiatry, Epidemiology, Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences
Yale University School of Medicine
Stephen W Patrick, MD, MPH, MS
Assistant Professor, Pediatrics and Health Policy, Division of Neonatology
Vanderbilt University School of Medicine
Facilitated By
John Iskander, MD, MPH
Scientific Director
Phoebe Thorpe, MD, MPH
Deputy Scientific Director
Susan Laird, MSN, RN
Communications Director
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Continuing Education

This session is available for Continuing Education (CE). Register here using the course information below.

CDC Course Code: PHGR10
CPE UAN: 0387-0000-16-106-H04-P

For more information, see Grand Rounds Continuing Education.

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Page last reviewed: August 16, 2016
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