Risk Factors and Cancer

Drinking alcohol raises the risk of some cancers. The less alcohol you drink, the lower the risk of cancer.
Drinking alcohol raises your risk of getting six kinds of cancer. All types of alcoholic drinks are linked with cancer. The more you drink, the higher your cancer risk.
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Human papillomavirus (HPV) has been found to be associated with several kinds of cancer: cervical, vulvar, vaginal, penile, anal, and oropharyngeal (back of the throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils).
Tobacco use causes cancer throughout the body. Mouth and throat (oral cavity and pharynx); esophagus; voice box (larynx); lung, bronchus, and trachea; acute myeloid leukemia; liver; kidney and renal pelvis; stomach; uterine cervix; pancreas; colon and rectum; and urinary bladder. Tobacco use includes smoked (cigarettes and cigars) and smokeless (snuff and chewing tobacco) tobacco products that, to date, have been shown to cause cancer.
Smoking tobacco products causes almost nine of every 10 cases of lung cancer, and also can cause cancer almost anywhere in your body.

CDC scientists and other experts explored ways to lower cancer risk at different ages: early childhood, adolescence, early adulthood, midlife, and older adulthood.

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Page last reviewed: July 9, 2019, 12:00 AM