Women and Their Partners Trying to Become Pregnant
CDC recommends women and their partners thinking about pregnancy take precautions to protect themselves from Zika.
- Check CDC’s travel website for areas with risk of Zika.
- Talk to your doctor or other healthcare provider before traveling to areas with a Zika outbreak (as indicated by red areas on the Zika map) or other areas with risk of Zika (as indicated by purple areas on the Zika map) and take steps to plan for travel.
- Take steps to prevent mosquito bites and prevent sexual transmission.
Considerations for Couples Planning to Conceive and Planning to Travel to an Area with a Zika Outbreak (As Indicated by Red Areas on the Zika Map) or Other Areas with Risk of Zika (As Indicated by Purple Areas on the Zika Map)
CDC recommends couples trying to become pregnant work with their healthcare providers to carefully consider the risks and possible consequences of travel to areas with a Zika outbreak or other areas with risk of Zika. Consider waiting to get pregnant according to the timeframes below:
|Traveling Partner||How Long to Wait|
|If only the male partner travels to an area with a Zika outbreak or other areas with risk of Zika||The couple should use condoms or not have sex for at least 3 months:
|If only the female partner travels to an area with a Zika outbreak or other areas with risk of Zika||The couple should use condoms or not have sex for at least 2 months:
|If both partners travel to an area with a Zika outbreak or other areas with risk of Zika||The couple should use condoms or not have sex for at least 3 months:
The timeframes that men and women should consider waiting are different because Zika can be found in semen longer than in other body fluids.
Decisions about pregnancy planning are personal and complex, and circumstances will vary for women and their partners. Women and their partners should discuss pregnancy planning with a trusted doctor or healthcare provider.
Planning considerations include:
- their reproductive life plans, including pregnancy intentions and timing of pregnancy
- their potential exposures to Zika during pregnancy and the health risks and potential consequences of infection
- their partner’s potential Zika exposures
- individual circumstances and level of risk tolerance
If You Have Ongoing Exposure (for Example, Live in or Frequently Travel) to An Area with a Zika Outbreak (As Indicated by Red Areas on the Zika Map) or Other Areas with Risk of Zika (As Indicated by Purple Areas on the Zika Map)
- Take steps to prevent mosquito bites.
- Because of your ongoing exposure to Zika, talk with your healthcare provider about your plans for pregnancy, your risk of Zika, the possible health effects of Zika infection on a baby, and ways to protect yourself from Zika.
- If you or your partner develop symptoms of Zika or test positive for Zika, you should follow the suggested timeframes above before trying to conceive.
As a result of counseling with healthcare providers, some women and their partners with ongoing exposure to areas with a Zika outbreak or other areas with risk of Zika might decide to delay pregnancy.
If families would like to speak to someone about a possible Zika virus infection or diagnosis during pregnancy and risk to the baby, please contact MotherToBaby. MotherToBaby experts are available to answer questions in English or Spanish by phone or chat. The free and confidential service is available Monday-Friday 8am-5pm (local time). To reach MotherToBaby:
- Call 1-866-626-6847
- Chat live or send an email through the MotherToBabyexternal icon website