CDC recommends special precautions for pregnant women to protect themselves from Zika virus infection.
Pregnant Women Should Not Travel to an Area with Risk of Zika
- Pregnant women should not travel to areas with risk of Zika (i.e., with documented or likely Zika virus transmission).
- In 2018, no local mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission has been reported in the continental United States.
What to Do If You Live In or Travel to an Area with Risk of Zika
During travel or while living in an area with risk of Zika
- Take steps to prevent mosquito bites.
- Take steps to prevent getting Zika through sex by using condoms from start to finish every time you have sex (oral, vaginal, or anal) or by not having sex during your entire pregnancy.
- Talk to a doctor or other healthcare provider after travel to an area with risk of Zika.
- If you develop a fever with a rash, headache, joint pain, red eyes, or muscle pain talk to your doctor immediately and tell him or her about your travel.
- Take steps to prevent mosquito bites for 3 weeks after returning.
- Take steps to prevent passing Zika through sex by using condoms from start to finish every time you have sex (oral, vaginal, or anal) or by not having sex.
Zika Testing for Pregnant Women
|Traveled to an area with risk of Zika or had sex with a partner who lived in or traveled to one of these areas||
|Live in or frequently travel (daily or weekly) to an area with risk of Zika|
Risk of Zika Infection on Future Pregnancies
Based on the available evidence, we think that Zika virus infection in a woman who is not pregnant would not pose a risk for birth defects in future pregnancies after the virus has cleared from her blood. From what we know about similar infections, once a person has been infected with Zika virus, he or she is likely to be protected from a future Zika infection.
If you’re thinking about having a baby in the near future and you or your partner live in or traveled to an area with risk of Zika, talk with your doctor or other healthcare provider. See Women & Their Partners Trying to Become Pregnant.
Related Fact Sheets
Travel to an Area with Zika
Doctor’s Visit Checklist: For Pregnant Women Who Traveled to an Area with Zika
Live in an Area with Zika
Pregnant and living in an area with Zika?
Zika and Sex: Information for pregnant women living in areas with Zika
Positive Zika Virus Test
If you have questions about a possible infection or diagnosis
If families would like to speak to someone about a possible Zika virus infection or diagnosis during pregnancy and risk to the baby, please contact MotherToBaby. MotherToBaby experts are available to answer questions in English or Spanish by phone or chat. The free and confidential service is available Monday-Friday 8am-5pm (local time). To reach MotherToBaby:
- Call 1-866-626-6847
- Chat live or send an email through the MotherToBaby website
- Page last reviewed: April 24, 2018
- Page last updated: November 16, 2018
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