Women and Their Partners Trying to Become Pregnant
CDC recommends precautions for women and their partners thinking about pregnancy to protect themselves from Zika virus infection around the time of pregnancy.
- Check CDC’s travel website for areas with risk of Zika.
- Talk to your doctor or other healthcare provider before traveling to areas with risk of Zika and take steps to plan for travel.
- Take steps to prevent mosquito bites and prevent sexual transmission.
Consider Waiting to Get Pregnant if You Travel to or Live in an Area with Risk of Zika
If You are Traveling to an Area with Risk of Zika
Talk with your healthcare provider about your pregnancy plans and possible Zika risk before travel. For specific recommendations related to the area where you are planning to travel, visit CDC’s Zika travel page.
|Traveling Partner||How Long to Wait|
|If only the male partner travels to an area with risk of Zika||The couple should use condoms or not have sex for at least 3 months
|If only the female partner travels to an area with risk of Zika||The couple should use condoms or not have sex for at least 2 months
|If both partners travel to an area with risk of Zika||The couple should use condoms or not have sex for at least 3 months
The timeframes that men and women should consider waiting are different because Zika can stay in semen longer than in other body fluids.
If You Have Ongoing Exposure (For Example, Live in or Frequently Travel) to Any Area with Risk of Zika
- Take steps to prevent mosquito bites.
- Because of your ongoing exposure to Zika, talk with your healthcare provider about your plans for pregnancy, your risk of Zika virus infection, the possible health effects of Zika virus infection on a baby, and ways to protect yourself from Zika.
- If you or your partner develop symptoms of Zika or test positive for Zika, you should follow the suggested timeframes above before trying to conceive.
Talk with Your Doctor or Other Healthcare Provider
Decisions about pregnancy planning are personal and complex, and circumstances will vary for women and their partners. Women and their partners should discuss pregnancy planning with a trusted doctor or healthcare provider. As part of preconception counseling, women and their partners who are thinking about pregnancy should talk with their doctor or healthcare provider about
- Their reproductive life plans, including pregnancy intentions and timing of pregnancy
- Their potential exposures to Zika during pregnancy
- Their partner’s potential Zika exposures
As a result of counseling with healthcare providers, some women and their partners living in areas with Zika might decide to delay pregnancy.
For Women in Areas with Zika: Plan Your Pregnancy
For Women: A Positive Zika Virus Test
For Nonpregnant Women: A Positive Zika Virus Test: What does it mean for me?
For Men: A Positive Zika Virus Test: What does it mean for me?
If families would like to speak to someone about a possible Zika virus infection or diagnosis during pregnancy and risk to the baby, please contact MotherToBaby. MotherToBaby experts are available to answer questions in English or Spanish by phone or chat. The free and confidential service is available Monday-Friday 8am-5pm (local time). To reach MotherToBaby:
- Call 1-866-626-6847
- Chat live or send an email through the MotherToBabyExternal website