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The Availability and Price of Healthy Food in Seattle by Neighborhood Sociodemographic Characteristics


The figure shows equal-sized areas used to develop our geographically balanced sample. Dots represent the centroids of each area. We ordered the stores on the basis of the distance from the centroid and store type and selected from this list a quota of each store type from each area.

Figure 1.

City of Seattle divided into 16 equal-sized areas used to select a geographically balanced sample for the study on price and availability of healthy foods in Seattle, Washington, neighborhoods, 2018.

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The figure shows the relationship between the total healthy food availability scores from the Seattle Healthy Food Survey developed in this study and the widely used NEMS-CS survey. We developed the Seattle Healthy Food Survey as an abbreviated adaptation of NEMS-CS to assess healthy food availability in stores in Seattle, Washington, in 2018.

Figure 2.

Scatterplot of Seattle Healthy Food Survey availability total score versus NEMS-CS availability total score, study on the price and availability of healthy foods in Seattle, Washington, neighborhoods, 2018. The Seattle Healthy Food Survey collects price and availability for 19 individual healthy food items within the categories of fruit, vegetables, grains, proteins, and milk. The NEMS-CS healthy food scoring algorithm was used to calculate total scores for the Seattle Healthy Food Survey. Abbreviation: NEMS-CS, Nutrition Environment Measures Survey for Convenience Stores.

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