Table 19. Percentage of Children Aged 6–11 Years with Dental Sealants On Permanent Teeth

Oral Health Surveillance Report

Table 19. Prevalence of dental sealants on permanent teetha among children aged 6–11 years, by selected characteristics, United States, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999–2004 and 2011–2016

Characteristic
1999-2004
2011-2016
Change %b
%
SE
%
SE
Total
30.5
1.71
41.7
1.38
11.2*
Age (years)
6-8c
20.3
1.66
32.1
1.55
11.9*
9-11
40.1
2.27
50.7*
1.96
10.6*
Sex
Malec
28.8
2.10
40.4
1.68
11.6*
Female
32.4
1.86
42.9
1.68
10.5*
Race and ethnicity
White, non-Hispanicc
36.4
2.35
43.6
1.82
7.2*
Black, non-Hispanic
21.1
1.88
31.7*
2.62
10.5*
Mexican American
24.2
2.27
44.4
2.47
20.2*
Poverty status
<100%FPL
20.9
2.84
37.8*
2.02
16.8*
100%–199% FPL
23.4
2.28
40.0
2.48
16.6*
≥200% FPLc
40.1
2.24
44.9
1.99
4.9
Poverty status
<200% FPL
22.2
1.97
38.9*
1.78
16.7*
≥200% FPLc
40.1
2.24
44.9
1.99

Note: All estimates are adjusted by age (single years) to U.S. 2000 standard population. SE=Standard error. FPL=Federal Poverty Level. <100% FPL=Poor; 100%–199% FPL= Near poor; <200% FPL=Poor and near poor combined; and ≥200% FPL= Not poor.

*P <0.05 based on t-test for differences between two periods or two groups within each characteristic.

Defined as having one or more permanent teeth with pit and fissure sealants among children with at least one permanent tooth present and eligible for sealants, including permanent molars, premolars or upper lateral incisors.
Change in percentage points from 1999–2004 to 2011-2016. Positive value=increase and negative value=decrease.
c Reference group for comparisons within each characteristic, 2011–2016.