Community Settings

About Community Settings and Antibiotic Resistance

Germs can spread between people, food, and animals in the community, including at work or school, when traveling, or at home with pets. These germs can cause infections like gonorrhea, tuberculosis (TB), or foodborne infections, and these infections can be resistant to antibiotics. For example, gonorrhea is a common sexually transmitted disease and has become resistant to almost every drug ever used to treat it. Additionally, antibiotics save lives, but any time they are used it can cause side effects, like C. difficile, and lead to antibiotic resistance.

What CDC is Doing

CDC is working to detect, respond, contain, and prevent resistant community-associated infections by, for example:

  • Supporting vaccination to prevent infections in the first place, which reduces the need for antibiotic use
  • Providing education and guidance to improve infection prevention and control, and assist with the development of treatment regimens for challenging cases
  • Supporting state and local health departments activities, such as diagnosis and drug-susceptibility testing
  • Implementing effective stewardship programs using CDC’s Core Elements and recommendations, integrated with sepsis early recognition programs
  • Conduct applied research to better detect and understand drug-resistant pathogens (germs) spread in the community
  • Tracking resistance and infections in human health to monitor resistance and guide prevention efforts in community settings
  • Increasing capacity in state and local health departments to detect, respond to, and contain outbreaks and emerging resistance

This work complements additional CDC antibiotic resistance investments, collectively known as CDC’s Antibiotic Resistance (AR) Solutions Initiative. Through these investments, CDC is transforming how the nation combats and slows antibiotic resistance at all levels.

Fact Sheets

Find more AR Solutions Initiative materials on the Fact Sheets and Graphics webpage.