Livestock and Poultry Producers: Protect People and Animals

Men and women working in shed

Livestock and poultry producers are key in helping to reduce the development and spread of antibiotic resistance. Animals, like people, carry germs in their gut, including antibiotic-resistant germs. Resistant germs have been identified in poultry and livestock (e.g., cattle, swine, sheep, and goat) and the food they produce around the world. Adopt these practices to continue protecting the health of animals and people.


Work Closely with Your Veterinarian

  • Communicate often with your veterinarian, who will decide when antibiotics are needed to treat, control, and/or prevent disease in animals.
  • Ask for advice related to preventing antibiotic-resistant infections specific to your farm size, animal species, and environment.

Keep Animals Healthy

  • Follow good husbandry practices and implement biosecurity practices [PDF – 68 pages]external icon—techniques to prevent the introduction and spread of diseases, including cleaning procedures—on the farm, during transport, and in production facilities.
  • Adhere to animal welfareexternal icon standards including a safe drinking water supply, good nutrition, clean airflow, and avoid overcrowding.
  • Give veterinarian-recommended vaccinations to prevent diseases and separate sick animals right away to prevent the spread of disease.
  • Adopt best practices in waste managementexternal icon and follow manufacturer recommendations to clean equipment.
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Combat Antibiotic Resistance, Protecting Yourself and Your Family

Use Antibiotics Exactly as Prescribed

  • Follow your veterinarian’s instructions on the dose (amount), duration (period of time), and route of administration (how to give antibiotics to selected animals).
  • Keep a record of all antibiotic useexternal icon, including dates and times, and follow up with your veterinarian about how the treatment is working.
  • Safely disposeexternal icon of unused or expired antibiotics. Find local drug disposal programs. Never pour or flush unused drugs down drains or toilets.

Protect Yourself and Your Workers

FDA’s Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD)external icon are federal rules that limit the use of antibiotics that are important in treating human diseases in food-producing animals. Veterinarians are responsible for overseeing the use of antibiotics.

AMR Exchange Webinar

About This Video

In December 2021, CDC hosted their AMR Exchange webinar focusing on the use of antibiotics in animals—pets and livestock. The panel includes experts from The Ohio State University, National Institute of Antimicrobial Resistance Research and Education, and EpiX Analytics.