Case #474 - August, 2018

A 27 year-old male presented to his health care provider, after a 10-day work related trip to Ethiopia, with lymphadenopathy of the head and neck, intermittent fevers, and malaise. Thick and thin blood smears were ordered, stained with Giemsa, and examined. Figures AC show what was found on a stained thick smear in very low numbers. What is your diagnosis? Based on what criteria?

parasitic image

Figure A

parasitic image

Figure B

parasitic image

Figure C

The objects found resemble microfilariae but are actually fungal elements/hyphae and represent contamination of either the stain components or the smear itself.  Morphologic features included:

  • Lack of columns of nuclei.
  • Septate in structure (best demonstrated in Figures B and C).
  • No discernable head or tail.

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Images presented in the monthly case studies are from specimens submitted for diagnosis or archiving. On rare occasions, clinical histories given may be partly fictitious.

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Page last reviewed: September 18, 2018