Stephanie C. Melkonian, PhD
Stephanie C. Melkonian, PhD is an epidemiologist in the Division of Cancer Prevention and Control’s Epidemiology and Applied Research Branch. She joined CDC in the fall of 2017 in the Albuquerque, New Mexico office, where her work focuses on cancer surveillance and cancer control programs in American Indian and Alaska Native populations.
Dr. Melkonian received her PhD training in Cancer and Genetic Epidemiology from the University of Chicago, Department of Public Health Sciences where she gained experience in genome-wide association studies of cancer etiology and evaluation of environmental exposures in international populations.
Prior to joining CDC, Dr. Melkonian was a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, where she received the R25T Cancer Prevention Research Training Program Fellowship (NCI/MD Anderson Cancer Center). Her research focused primarily on the role of nutrition, obesity, and physical activity in cancer risk. She has authored several papers that evaluated independent associations between diet and renal cell carcinoma and lung cancer, and gene-environment interactions between diet and genetic susceptibility factors related to these cancers. Two of her publications have received media attention and were featured on multiple news outlets including National Public Radio and NBC Nightly News. She has been lead author and co-author on a range of publications and has presented her work at several national conferences.
Dr. Melkonian uses the most up-to-date and accurate data to comprehensively describe cancer incidence and mortality in American Indian and Alaska Native people. Her most recent work has focused on regional variation in rates of liver and gastric cancers as well as cancers associated with human papillomavirus. Dr. Melkonian focuses her efforts toward understanding cancers that disproportionately burden American Indian and Alaska Native populations in the United States and how these disparities can be addressed through intervention, prevention, and screening programs.
The most recent articles Dr. Melkonian has first-authored include—
- 2021 Incidence of and trends in leading cancers with elevated incidence among American Indian and Alaska Native populations.external icon
- 2020 Cancers associated with human papillomavirus in American Indian and Alaska Native populations—United States, 2013–2017.
- 2020 Gastric cancer among American Indian and Alaska Native populations in the United States, 2005–2016.external icon
- 2020 Disparities in cancer incidence and trends among American Indians and Alaska Natives in the United States, 2010–2015.external icon
- 2018 Incidence of primary liver cancer in American Indians and Alaska Natives, US, 1999–2009.external icon