General Acronyms and Abbreviations

This page lists general acronyms and abbreviations used throughout this immunization web site.

It does not list any vaccines. See Abbreviations for Vaccines for a complete list of vaccine names, abbreviations, and trade names.


Abbreviations for Vaccines
AAFP American Academy of Family Physicians
AAHP American Association of Health Plans
AAP American Academy of Pediatrics
AAPA American Academy of Physician Assistants
ABC Active Bacterial Core (surveillance system)
Ab-negative Antibody negative
ACA Affordable Care Act
ACASA Adult Clinic Assessment Software Application
ACCV Advisory Commission on Childhood Vaccines (HRSA)
ACIP Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices
ACHA American College Health Association
ACOG American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
ACP American College of Physicians
AE Adverse event
AFIX Assessment, Feedback, Incentives and eXchange
AFP Acute flaccid paralysis
AGS American Geriatrics Society
AIDS Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
AIM Association of Immunization Managers
AIRA American Immunization Registry Association
AKC All Kids Count
ANA American Nurses Association
Anti-Hbc Hepatitis B core antibody
Anti-Hbs Hepatitis B surface antibody
AOA American Osteopathic Association
APhA American Pharmacists Association
APHA American Public Health Association
APTR Association for Prevention Teaching and Research (formerly ATPM)
ASD Autism-spectrum disorder
ASTHO Association of State and Territorial Health Officials
ASTPHLD Association of State and Territorial Public Health Laboratory Directors
ATPM Association of Teachers of Preventive Medicine (now APTR)
ATSDR Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
BIO Biotechnology Industry Organization
BRFSS Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
BSE Bovine spongiform encephalopathy
C. tetani Clostridium tetani
CBER Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (FDA)
CCID Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases (now OID)
CD4 Cluster of differentiation (cells) (also called T-helper cells)
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CE Continuing education
CF Complement fixation
CI Confidence interval
CII Childhood Immunization Initiative
CIN Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
CIRSET Committee on Immunization Registry Standards and Electronic Transactions (an organization no longer in existence as of May 2006)
CISA Clinical Immunization Safety Assessment
CJD Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
CMS Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
CMV Cytomegalovirus
CNRA Community Needs and Resource Assessment
CoCASA Comprehensive Clinical Assessment Software Application
COID Committee on Infectious Diseases (AAP)
CPHA Commission on Professional and Hospital Activities
CRS Congenital rubella syndrome
CSF Cerebrospinal fluid
CSTE Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists
CVID Common variable immune deficiency
CY Calendar year
DA Direct Assistance
DAT Diphtheria antitoxin
DFA Direct fluorescent antibody
DHHS Department of Health and Human Services
DoD Department of Defense
DRSP Drug-resistant Streptococcus pneumonia
DVA Department of Veterans Affairs
EBV Epstein-Barr virus
ECBT Every Child By Two
EIA Enzyme immunoassay
EIPB Education, Information, and Partnership Branch (CDC/NCIRD)
EIS Epidemic Intelligence Service
ELISA Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
ELR Electronic laboratory reporting
EMR Electronic Medical Record
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
EPSDT Early Periodic Screening Diagnosis and Treatment Program
ERISA Employee Retirement Income Security Act
FA Financial assistance
FAMA Fluorescent antibody to membrane antigen
FDA Food and Drug Administration
FHA Filamentous hemagglutinin
FIM Fimbriae
FMO Financial Management Office
FQHC Federally Qualified Health Center
FY Fiscal year
GBS Guillain-Barré Syndrome
GIS Geographic Information System
GMC Geometric mean (antibody) concentration
GMT Geometric mean titer
GRADE Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation
GSA General Services Administration
HA Hemagglutinin
HAI Hemagglutinin Inhibition
HAV Hepatitis A virus
HBcAg Hepatitis B core antigen
HBIG Hepatitis B immune globulin
HBeAg Hepatitis B e antigen
HBsAg Hepatitis B surface antigen
HBV Hepatitis B virus
HCFA Healthcare Financing Administration
HCP Healthcare personnel
HCV Hepatitis C virus
HDV Hepatitis D virus (delta agent)
HEDIS Health Plan Employers Data and Information Set
HHE Hypotonic-hyporesponsive episode
HHS Health and Human Services
Hi Haemophilus influenzae
HI Hemagglutination inhibition
Hib Haemophilus influenzae type b
HICPAC Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee
HIPAA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus
HL7 Health Level 7
HMO Health Maintenance Organization
HP 2010 [2020] Healthy People 2010 [2020]
HPV Human papillomavirus
HRSA Health Resources and Services Administration
HSCT Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant
IAC Immunization Action Coalition
IAVG Interagency Vaccine Group
IBD Inflammatory Bowel Disease
ICD 9 (Code) International [Statistical] Classification of Diseases [and Related Health Problems] 9
ID Intradermal
IDSA Infectious Disease Society of America
IFA Indirect fluorescent antibody
IG Immune globulin
IgE Immunoglobulin E
IGIV Immune Globulin Intravenous
IgM anti-HAV IgM anti-hepatitis A virus
IgM anti-HBc IgM anti-hepatitis B core antigen
IHS Indian Health Service
IIS Immunization Information Systems
IL-4 Interleukin 4
IL-10 Interleukin 10
ILI Influenza-like illness
IM Intramuscular
IND Investigational new drug
IOM Institute of Medicine
IPOM Immunization Program Operations Manual
IRB Institutional Review Board
IRC Immunization Registry Conference (no longer occurs; merged with NIC)
ISO Immunization Safety Office
IU International units
IV Intravenous
JE Japanese encephalitis
LA Latex agglutination
Lf Limit of flocculation unit
LIS Laboratory information system
LQA Lot quality assurance
LTC Long-term care
mcg Microgram (also µg)
M/CHC Migrant/community health center
MCO Managed care organization
MILVAX Military Vaccine Agency
mIU Milli-international unit
mL Milliliter
MMWR Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
MOU Memorandum of understanding
MS Multiple Sclerosis
MSAEFI Monitoring System for Adverse Events Following Immunization (replaced with VAERS)
MSM Men who have sex with men
NA Neuraminidase
NACCHO National Association of County and City Health Officials
NACIC National Advisory Committee of Immunization in Canada
NAPNAP National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners
NCCLS National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards
NCHS National Center for Health Statistics
NCID National Center for Infectious Diseases (now Office of Infectious Diseases) (CDC)
NCIRD National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases
NCRSR National Congenital Rubella Syndrome Registry
NCVIA National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act (of 1986)
NEDSS National Electronic Disease Surveillance System
NETSS National Electronic Telecommunications System for Surveillance
NFID National Foundation for Infectious Diseases
NHANES National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
NHIS National Health Interview Survey
NIC National Immunization Conference
NIH National Institutes of Health
NIIW National Infant Immunization Week
NIP National Immunization Program (replaced by NCIRD in 2007)
NIS National Immunization Survey
NIVW National Influenza Vaccination Week
NMA National Medical Association
NNDSS National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System
NNii National Network for Immunization Information
NPI National Partnership for Immunization
NVAC National Vaccine Advisory Committee
nvCJD new variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
NVICP National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program
NVPO National Vaccine Program Office
OID Office of Infectious Diseases (CDC)
OMB Office of Management and Budget
P&I Pneumonia and influenza
PAHO Pan American Health Organization
PCR Polymerase chain reaction
PEP Post-exposure prophylaxis
PFP Partnership for Prevention
PGO Procurement and Grants Office
PIDS Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
PHA Passive hemagglutination
PHA Public Health Advisor
PhRMA Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America
PHF Public Health Foundation
PHIL Public Health Image Library
PHIN Public Health Information Network
PHLIS Public Health Laboratory Information System
PHN Post-herpetic neuralgia
PHS Public Health Service
PHTN Public Health Training Network
PMIRWG Program Managers Immunization Registry Work Group
PON Pockets of need
PPD Purified protein derivative, (tuberculin)
PPO Preferred Provider Organization
PQA Provider Quality Assurance
PRAMS Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System
PRISM Post-licensure Rapid Immunization Safety Monitoring (system)
PRMA Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America
PRN Pertactin
PT Pertussis toxin
QA Quality assurance
QALY Quality Adjusted Life Year
QIO Quality Improvement Organization
RASH Rapid Surveillance Helper
RBCs Red blood cells
RET Reportable Events Table
RHC Rural Health Clinic
RIA Radioimmunoassay
RIG Rabies Immune Globulin
RNA Ribonucleic acid
RSD Residual Seizure Disorder
RST Registry Support Team
RSV Respiratory syncytial virus
SAE Serious adverse event
SAHM Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine
SC Subcutaneous
SCHIP State Children’s Health Insurance Program
SCID Severe combined immune deficiency
SIDS Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
SHC State health coordinator
SHEA Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America
SMART Specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, and time-phased (objective)
SOP Standard operating procedure
SPSS Supplementary Pertussis Surveillance System
SSPE Subacute, sclerosing panencephalitis
STD Sexually transmitted disease
STI Sexually transmitted infection
SubQ Subcutaneous
TANF Temporary Assistance for Needy Families
TB Tuberculosis (Tubercle Bacillus)
TDY Temporary duty
TIG Tetanus immune globulin
Tine Tine test. Multiple-puncture tuberculin skin test. See TST
TST Tuberculin skin testing
TWG Technical Working Group (Immunization Registry)
USDA United States Department of Agriculture
UTD Up-to-date
VACMAN (not an acronym; name of vaccine ordering software)
VAE Vaccine adverse event
VAERS Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System
VAPP Vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis
vCJD Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
VFC Vaccines for Children (program)
VHC Vaccine Health Centers
VHSP Viral Hepatitis Surveillance Program
VICP Vaccine Injury Compensation Program
VIG Vaccinia immune globulin
VMBIP Vaccine Management Business Improvement Project
VIS Vaccine Information Statement
VISI Vaccine Identification Standards Initiative
VODS Vaccine Ordering and Distribution System
VPD Vaccine-preventable disease
VRBPAC Vaccines and Related Biological Products Advisory Committee
VSAB Vaccine Supply and Assurance Branch (CDC)
VSD Vaccine Safety Datalink (project)
VTrckS Vaccine Tracking System
VZIG Varicella-zoster immune globulin
VZV Varicella-zoster virus
WBC White blood-cell count
WHO World Health Organization
WIC Women, Infants, and Children (program)
YF Yellow Fever

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