Conditions in the places where people live, learn, work, and play affect a wide range of health risks and outcomes.1 These conditions are known as social determinants of health (SDOH).
We know that poverty limits access to healthy foods and safe neighborhoods and that more education is a predictor of better health.2,3,4 We also know that differences in health are striking in communities with poor SDOH such as unstable housing, low income, unsafe neighborhoods, or substandard education.5,6 By applying what we know about SDOH, we can not only improve individual and population health but also advance health equity.7,8 Healthy People 2020 highlights the importance of addressing SDOH by including “create social and physical environments that promote good health for all” as one of the four overarching goals for the decade. (See FAQs for reference materials .)
This website provides CDC resources for SDOH data, tools for action, programs, and policy. They may be used by people in public health, community organizations, and health care systems to assess SDOH and improve community well-being.
Sources for Data on SDOHTools that provide access to SDOH data, maps, tables, and graphics. Sources include CDC, Healthy People 2020, and the U.S. Census Bureau.
CDC Programs Addressing SDOHCDC-funded public health programs that address social determinants related to health outcomes.
Frequently Asked QuestionsLearn more about the SDOH, the purpose of this web portal, and the resources it highlights.
Tools for Putting SDOH into ActionGuidance documents that help move from SDOH data into action.
Policy Resources to Support SDOHResources that identify opportunities to explore policy, leverage health system transformation, and engage other sectors in promoting SDOH.
Additional ResourcesFind additional primary sources of SDOH data, including housing, education, and crime, on CDC’s National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention resources page.
Spotlight: Health Equity Resource Toolkit for state practitioners to address obesity disparities and improve heart health
Obesity-related conditions include heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, and certain types of cancer - some of the leading causes of preventable death. Non-Hispanic blacks have the highest age-adjusted rates of obesity (48.1%) followed by Hispanics (42.5%), non-Hispanic whites (34.5%), and non-Hispanic Asians (11.7%).The Health Equity Resource Toolkit helps state health departments and partners work with communities to reduce obesity in populations experiencing health disparities. It helps users learn how changes in policy, health systems, and environment can reduce obesity disparities and achieve health equity.
Health Equity in Obesity Prevention Planning Process
Figure 4: The Health Equity in Obesity Prevention Planning Process, a general planning process developed from multiple planning processes and models for this toolkit.