Social Determinants of Health: Know What Affects Health
HI-5 (Health Impact in 5 years) has approaches to improve the places where we live, learn, work and play. HI-5 can help achieve health outcomes in your community in 5 years or less, providing good economic value for the investment.
Conditions in the places where people live, learn, work, and play affect a wide range of health risks and outcomes.1 These conditions are known as social determinants of health (SDOH).
We know that poverty limits access to healthy foods and safe neighborhoods and that more education is a predictor of better health.2,3,4 We also know that differences in health are striking in communities with poor SDOH such as unstable housing, low income, unsafe neighborhoods, or substandard education.5,6 By applying what we know about SDOH, we can not only improve individual and population health but also advance health equity.7,8 Healthy People 2020External highlights the importance of addressing SDOH by including “create social and physical environments that promote good health for all” as one of the four overarching goals for the decade. (See FAQs for reference materials.)
This website provides CDC resources for SDOH data, tools for action, programs, and policy. They may be used by people in public health, community organizations, and health care systems to assess SDOH and improve community well-being.
Tools that provide access to SDOH data, maps, tables, and graphics. Sources include CDC, Healthy People 2020, and the U.S. Census Bureau.
CDC-funded public health programs that address social determinants related to health outcomes.
Research by CDC authors on a range of SDOH topics.
Guidance documents that help move from SDOH data into action.
Resources that identify opportunities to explore policy, leverage health system transformation, and engage other sectors in promoting SDOH.
Learn more about the SDOH, the purpose of this web portal, and the resources it highlights.