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Conditions in the places where people live, learn, work, and play affect a wide range of health risks and outcomes.1 These conditions are known as social determinants of health (SDOH).

We know that poverty limits access to healthy foods and safe neighborhoods and that more education is a predictor of better health.2,3,4 We also know that differences in health are striking in communities with poor SDOH such as unstable housing, low income, unsafe neighborhoods, or substandard education.5,6 By applying what we know about SDOH, we can not only improve individual and population health but also advance health equity.7,8 Healthy People 2020 highlights the importance of addressing SDOH by including “create social and physical environments that promote good health for all” as one of the four overarching goals for the decade. (See FAQs for reference materials .)

This website provides CDC resources for SDOH data, tools for action, programs, and policy. They may be used by people in public health, community organizations, and health care systems to assess SDOH and improve community well-being.

Spotlight: Health Equity Resource Toolkit for state practitioners to address obesity disparities and improve heart health

Obesity-related conditions include heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, and certain types of cancer - some of the leading causes of preventable death. Non-Hispanic blacks have the highest age-adjusted rates of obesity (48.1%) followed by Hispanics (42.5%), non-Hispanic whites (34.5%), and non-Hispanic Asians (11.7%).The Health Equity Resource Toolkit helps state health departments and partners work with communities to reduce obesity in populations experiencing health disparities. It helps users learn how changes in policy, health systems, and environment can reduce obesity disparities and achieve health equity.

Health Equity in Obesity Prevention Planning Process

	The Health Equity in Obesity Prevention Planning Process, a general planning process developed from multiple planning processes and models for this toolkit.

Figure 4: The Health Equity in Obesity Prevention Planning Process, a general planning process developed from multiple planning processes and models for this toolkit.

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