Ohio Priority Topic Investments
Click on any of the tabs below to learn more about each topic.
Ohio Overdose Investment Snapshot
Combatting the current overdose crisis is a priority for the agency. This page provides an overview of the FY21 CDC Injury Center (NCIPC) overdose investments for the state of Ohio.
There were 91,799 drug overdose deaths in the United States in 2020 (28.3 deaths per 100,000 standard population), a stark 30% increase from 2019. Approximately 75% of drug overdose deaths in 2020 involved an opioid, with synthetic opioids (e.g., illicitly manufactured fentanyls) accounting for more than 80% of all opioid-involved deaths. Drug overdose deaths involving synthetic opioids increased by 55% and deaths involving psychostimulants (e.g., methamphetamine) increased by 47% from 2019 to 2020. Drug overdose deaths involving cocaine also increased by 22%.
In 2020 in Ohio there were:
overdose deaths per 100,000 people (age-adjusted)
Source: NVSS – Drug Overdose Deaths
Overdose Data to Action (OD2A)
Public Health and Public Safety
*average award amount
Examples of How Ohio Is Working to Prevent Overdose
|Health alert notifications
Ohio detected an increase in suspected drug overdoses at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, which prompted state health officials to issue alerts to local health departments, coroners, health care providers, hospitals, and other state health partners to ensure all had access to a community response plan template.
Local grant subrecipients partnered with public safety to develop systems and policies for linking individuals with a substance use disorder to clinical and community supports.
CDC Overdose Prevention Strategies
CDC’s Injury Center plays a critical role in addressing the drug overdose epidemic by driving progress in the five strategic priorities that guide CDC’s response framework for preventing overdoses.
Ohio Suicide Prevention Investment Snapshot
Preventing suicide is a priority for the agency. This page provides an overview of the FY21 CDC Injury Center (NCIPC) suicide prevention investments for the state of Ohio.
Suicide is a leading cause of death in the United States. It was responsible for almost 46,000 deaths in 2020, which is about one death every 11 minutes. The number of people who think about or attempt suicide is even higher. In 2020, 12.2 million American adults seriously thought about suicide, 3.2 million planned a suicide attempt, and 1.2 million attempted suicide.
In 2020 in Ohio there were:
suicide deaths per 100,000 people (age-adjusted)
Source: Suicide Rates by State (cdc.gov)
Emergency Department Surveillance of Nonfatal Suicide-Related Outcomes (ED-SNSRO)
Examples of How Ohio Is Working to Prevent Suicide
|Completing the picture
During the COVID-19 pandemic, the ODH Violence and Injury Prevention Section (VIPS) received many data requests from policymakers about the secondary impacts of the pandemic (such as suicide, overdose, and homicide). ODH VIPS supplemented the mortality (deaths) data requests with near real-time surveillance data to create a more complete picture of current self-harm behaviors and unintentional drug overdoses in Ohio. To streamline responses to data requests, ODH VIPS developed a report template that includes mortality data for suicide, fatal drug overdose, and homicides, and near real-time surveillance data for suspected suicide attempts and suspected drug overdose. In anticipation of additional data requests from leadership and policymakers for the most recent data, ODH VIPS began updating and disseminating this report on a weekly basis.
Ohio’s ED-SNSRO team developed and shared the Ohio Emergency Department Suspected Suicide Attempts Summary with the Ohio Department of Health (ODH) and key partners. The report is updated and distributed weekly, providing partners with timely data on trends of nonfatal suicide-related outcomes during COVID-19. After the dissemination of the report, the team became aware of knowledge gaps among partners in understanding and interpreting near real-time surveillance data. ODH then developed a presentation to educate partners on Ohio’s near real-time surveillance system The presentation included how many hospitals participate, how data are collected, how data are classified, and discharge diagnosis codes.
CDC Suicide Prevention Strategies
Suicide is preventable and there is no single cause, so prevention requires addressing the multiple factors linked to suicide at the individual, relationship, community, and societal levels. As such, CDC is leading a comprehensive approach to suicide prevention. Such an approach aims to prevent people from becoming suicidal in the first place and support people at increased risk. CDC uses data to track and monitor suicide trends, research possible risks and what works to prevent them, and help communities put proven suicide prevention strategies into place.
CDC’s Suicide Prevention Resource for Action outlines seven strategies that are based on the best available evidence to help communities and states focus on prevention activities with the greatest potential to prevent suicide.
- Strengthen economic supports
- Create protective environments
- Improve access and delivery of suicide care
- Promote healthy connections
- Teach coping and problem-solving skills
- Identify and support people at risk
- Lessen harms and prevent future risk
- Near Real-Time SurveillanceImproving surveillance – collecting better and more timely data is also an important strategy to better understand, monitor, and prevent suicide and suicidal behavior. Expanding surveillance of nonfatal suicide-related outcomes (e.g., suicide attempts, suicide ideation) can help improve timeliness of data, identify spikes, and inform prevention and response.
Ohio ACEs Investment Snapshot
Preventing, identifying, and responding to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) is a priority for the agency. This page provides an overview of the FY21 CDC Injury Center (NCIPC) ACEs investments for the state of Ohio.
ACEs are preventable, potentially traumatic events that occur in childhood (0-17 years) such as neglect, experiencing or witnessing violence, or having a family member attempt or die by suicide. Across 25 states surveyed in 2019, 61% of adults had at least one ACE and 16% had 4 or more types of ACEs. Preventing ACEs could reduce a large number of health conditions, including up to 21 million cases of depression, 1.9 million cases of heart disease, and 2.5 million cases of overweight/obesity.
Between 2018-2019 in Ohio:
of the population reported experiencing one or more ACEs*
*ACEs statistics are reported by parents and include all reports of ACEs except for child abuse and physical neglect (Source: National Survey on Children’s Health).
Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS)
Beyond the ACEs appropriation, CDC supports several initiatives, research, and partnerships to build state and tribal surveillance infrastructure and enhance ACEs prevention and mitigation.
In Ohio, some of those other initiatives include:
Examples of How Ohio Is Working to Prevent ACEs
The Ohio Department of Health and the Cleveland Municipal School District are adding questions about experiencing ACEs to the Ohio YRBS to provide representative state-wide estimates of ACEs for Ohio public high school students and district-level estimates among Cleveland public high school students.
CDC ACEs Prevention and Mitigation Strategies
ACEs and their associated harms are preventable. Creating and sustaining safe, stable, nurturing relationships and environments for all children and families can prevent ACEs and help all children reach their full health and life potential. CDC has produced a suite of technical packages to help states and communities take advantage of the best available evidence to prevent violence, including the many types of violence and social, economic, and other exposures in the home and community that adversely affect children.
From this suite of technical packages, CDC developed Preventing ACEs: Leveraging the Best Available Evidence, which outlines six strategies that can prevent ACEs from happening in the first place as well as mitigate the harms of ACEs.