Systematic Reviews

Systematic Reviews

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) conducts systematic reviews using a comprehensive search of literature on HIV prevention, care, and treatment topics. The systematic review approach is an evidence-based way to synthesize the literature and expand our knowledge of factors related to HIV transmission and prevention. The team uses systematic review techniques to synthesize data descriptively or through quantitative methods, such as meta-analysis, using statistical techniques. Qualitative methods can also be used.

Becasen, J. S., Morris, J. D., Denard, C. L., Mullins, M. M, Kota, K. K. & Higa, D. H. (2022). HIV care outcomes among transgender persons with HIV infection in the United States, 2006–2021external icon. AIDS, 36(2), 305–315 doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000003109

Barker, E. K., Malekinejad, M., Merai, R., Lyles, C. M., Sipe, T. A., DeLuca, J. B., Ridpath, A. D., Gift, T. L., Tailor, A., & Kahn, J. G. (2022). Risk of human immunodeficiency virus acquisition among high-risk heterosexuals with nonviral sexually transmitted infections: A systematic review and meta-analysisexternal icon. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 49(6), 383-397. https://doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0000000000001601

Gunn, J. K. L., Rooks-Peck, C., Wichser, M. E., Denard, C., McCree, D. H., Jeffries, W. L., IV, DeLuca, J. B., Ross, L. W., Herron, A., Barham, T., Flores, S. A., & Higa, D. H. (2022). Effectiveness of HIV stigma interventions for men who have sex with men (MSM) with and without HIV in the United States: A systematic review and meta-analysesexternal iconAIDS and Behavior, 26(Suppl. 1), 51-89. doi: 10.1007/s10461-021-03358-x

Higa, D. H., Crepaz, N., Mullins, M. M., Adegbite-Johnson, A., Gunn, J. K. L., Denard, C., Mizuno, Y., & the Prevention Research Synthesis Project. (2022). Strategies to improve HIV care outcomes for people with HIV who are out of careexternal icon. AIDS, 36(6), 853-862. https://doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000003172

Roland, K. B., Higa, D. H., Leighton, C. A., Mizuno, Y., DeLuca, J. B., & Koenig, L. J. (2022). HIV patient navigation in the United States: A qualitative meta-synthesis of navigators’ experiencesexternal iconHealth Promotion Practice, 23(1), 74-85. doi: 10.1177/1524839920982603

 

Jeffries, W. L., IV, Flores, S. A., Rooks-Peck, C. R., Gelaude, D. J., Belcher, L., Ricks, P. M., & Millett, G. A. (2021). Experienced homophobia and HIV infection risk among U.S. gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men: A meta-analysisexternal iconexternal iconLGBT Health, 8(1), 1-10. doi: 10.1089/lgbt.2020.0274

Malekinejad, M., Barker, E. K., Merai, R., Lyles, C. M., Bernstein, K.T., Sipe, T. A., DeLuca, J. B., Ridpath, A., Gift, T. L., Tailor, A., & Kahn, J. G. (2021). Risk of HIV acquisition among men who have sex with men infected with bacterial sexually transmitted infections: A systematic review and meta-analysisexternal icon. Sexually Transmitted Diseases. 48(10), e138-e148. doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0000000000001403

Mizuno, Y., Gelaude, D., Crepaz, N., Kamitani, E., DeLuca, J., Leighton, C. A., Wichser, M. E., & Smith D. K. (2021). Health care providers’ views on clinic infrastructure and practice models that may facilitate HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) prescribing: A qualitative meta-synthesisexternal iconexternal iconexternal iconHealth Promotion Practice. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/15248399211038364

Higa, D. H., Crepaz, N., McDonald, C. M., Adegbite-Johnson, A., DeLuca, J. B., Kamitani, E., Sipe, T., & Prevention Research Synthesis (PRS) Project (2020). HIV prevention research on men who have sex with men: A scoping review of systematic reviews, 1988–2017external iconexternal iconAIDS Education and Prevention, 32(1), S1-7. doi: 10.1521/aeap.2020.32.1.1

Johnson, W., Rivadeneira, N., Adegbite-Johnson, A., Neumann, M. S., Mullins, M. M., Rooks-Peck, C., Wichser, M., McDonald, C., Higa, D., & Sipe, T. (2020). Human immunodeficiency virus prevention for people who use drugs: Overview of reviews and the ICOS of PICOSexternal iconexternal iconJournal of Infectious Disease, 222(Suppl. 5), S278–300. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiaa008

Kamitani, E., Johnson, W. D., Wichser, M. E., Adegbite, A. H., Mullins, M. M., & Sipe, T. A. (2020). Growth in proportions and disparities of HIV PrEP use among key populations identified in national goals: Systematic review & meta-analysis of published surveysexternal iconexternal icon. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 84(4), 379-386. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000002345

Roland, K. B., Higa, D. H., Leighton, C. A., Mizuno, Y., DeLuca, J. B., & Koenig, L. J. (2020). Client Perspectives and Experiences With HIV Patient Navigation in the United States: A Qualitative Meta-Synthesisexternal iconHealth Promotion Practice, 21(1), 25-36. doi: 10.1177/1524839919875727

Bradley, E., Forsberg, K., Betts, J. E., DeLuca, J. B., Kamitani, E., Porter, S. E., Sipe, T. A., & Hoover, K. W. (2019). Factors affecting pre-exposure prophylaxis implementation for women in the United States: a systematic reviewexternal iconexternal iconJournal of Women’s Health, 28(9), 1272-1285. doi.org/10.1089/jwh.2018.7353

Collins, C. B. Jr., Baack, B. N., Tomlinson, H., Lyles, C., Cleveland, J. C., Purcell, D. W., Ortiz-Ricard, A., & Mermin, J. (2019). Selecting evidence -based HIV prevention behavioral interventions for HIV-negative persons for national disseminationexternal iconexternal iconAIDS and Behavior, 23(9), 2226-2237. doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02433-8

Kamitani, E., Mizuno, Y., Wichser, M., Adegbite, A. H., DeLuca, J. B., & Higa, D. H. (2019). Mapping the study characteristics and topics of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis research literature: A scoping reviewexternal iconexternal iconAIDS Education and Prevention, 31(6), 505–522. doi: 10.1521/aeap.2019.31.6.505

Mizuno, Y., Higa, D., Leighton, C., Mullins, M., & Crepaz, N. (2019). Is co-location of services with HIV care associated with improved HIV care continuum outcomes?  A systematic reviewexternal iconexternal iconAIDS Care, 31(11), 1323-1331. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2019.1576847

Painter, T., Song, E. Y., Mullins, M. M., Mann-Jackson, L., Alonzo, J., Roboussin, B. A., & Rhodes, S. D. (2019). Social support and other factors associated with HIV testing by Hispanic/Latino gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men in the U.S. southexternal iconexternal iconAIDS and Behavior, 23(Suppl. 3), 251-265. doi: 10.1007/s10461-019-02540-6

Rooks-Peck, C. R., Wichser, M. E., Adegbite, A. H., DeLuca, J. B., Barham, T., Ross, L., Higa, D., Sipe, T. A., & the Prevention Research Synthesis Project. (2019). Analysis of systematic reviews of medication adherence interventions for persons with HIV, 1996-2017external iconexternal iconAIDS Patient Care and STDs, 33(12), 528-537. doi: 10.1089/apc.2019.0125

DiNenno, E. A., Prejean, J., Delaney, K. P., Bowles, K., Martin, T., Tailor, A., Dumitru, G., Mullins, M. M., Hutchinson, A., & Lansky, A. (2018). Evaluating the evidence for more frequent than annual HIV screening of gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men in the United States: Results from a systematic review and CDC expert consultationexternal iconexternal iconPublic Health Reports, 133(1), 3-21. doi:10.1177/0033354917738769

Henny, K. D., Wilkes, A. L., McDonald, C. M., Denson, D. J., & Neumann, M. S. (2018). A rapid review of eHealth interventions addressing the continuum of HIV care (2007-2017)external iconexternal iconAIDS and Behavior, 22(1), 43-63. doi:10.1007/s10461-017-1923-2

Kamitani, E., Wichser, M. E., Adegbite, A. H., Mullins, M. M., Johnson, W. D., Crouch, P. C., & Sipe, T. A. (2018). Increasing prevalence of self-reported HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) use in published surveys: A systematic review and meta-analysisexternal iconexternal iconAIDS, 32(17), 2633-2635. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000001983


DiNenno, E. A., Prejean, J., Irwin, K., Delaney, K. P., Bowles, K., Martin, T., Tailor, A., Dumitru, G., Mullins, M. M, Hutchinson, A. B., & Lansky, A. (2017). Recommendations for HIV screening of gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men – United States, 2017external iconexternal iconMMWR Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 66(31), 830-832. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6631a3

Kamitani, E., Sipe, T. A., Higa, D. H., Mullins, M. M., Soares, J., & the CDC HIV/AIDS Prevention Research Synthesis (PRS) Project. (2017). Evaluating the effectiveness of physical exercise interventions in persons living with HIV: Overview of systematic reviewsexternal iconexternal iconAIDS Education and Prevention, 29(4), 347-363. doi: 10.1521/aeap.2017.29.4.347

Purcell, D. W., Higa D., Mizuno, Y., & Lyles, C. (2017). Quantifying the harm and benefits from serosorting among HIV-negative gay and bisexual men: A systematic review and meta-analysisexternal iconexternal iconAIDS and Behavior, 21(10), 2835-2843. doi: 10.1007/s10461-017-1800-z

Higa, D. H., Crepaz, N., Mullins, M. M., & the Prevention Research Synthesis Project. (2016). Identifying best practices for increasing linkage to, retention, and re-engagement in HIV medical care: Findings from a systematic review, 1996-2014external iconexternal iconAIDS and Behavior, 20(5), 951-966. doi: 10.1007/s10461-015-1204-x

Abad, N., Baack, B. N., O’Leary, A., Mizuno, Y., Herbst, J. H., & Lyles, C. M. (2015). A systematic review of HIV and STI behavioral interventions for female sex workers in the United Statesexternal iconexternal iconAIDS and Behavior, 19(9), 1701-1719. doi: 10.1007/s10461-015-1013-2

Crepaz, N., Tungol-Ashmon, M. V., Vosburgh, H. W., Baack, B. N., & Mullins, M. M. (2015). Are couple-based interventions more effective than interventions delivered to individuals in promoting HIV protective behaviors? A meta-analysisexternal iconexternal iconAIDS Care, 27(11), 1361-1366. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2015.1112353

Crepaz, N., Baack, B. N., Higa, D. H., & Mullins, M. M. (2015). Effects of integrated interventions for reducing HIV transmission risk and improving care continuum outcomes among persons living with HIV in the United States: A systematic review and meta-analysis, 1996-2014external iconexternal iconAIDS, 29(18), 2371-2383. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000000879

Charania, M. R., Marshall, K. J., Lyles, C. M., Crepaz, N., Kay, L. S., Koenig, L. J., Paul J Weidle, P. J., Purcell, D. W. & the HIV/AIDS Prevention Research Synthesis (PRS) Team. (2014). Identification of evidence-based interventions for promoting HIV medication adherence: Findings from a systematic review of U.S.-based studies, 1996-2011external iconexternal iconAIDS and Behavior, 18(4), 646-660. doi: 10.1007/s10461-013-0594-x

Crepaz, N., Tungol-Ashmon, M. V., Higa, D. H., Vosburgh, H. W., Mullins, M. M., Barham, T., Adegbite, A., DeLuca, J., Sipe, T. A., White, C. M., Baack, B. N., & Lyles, C. M. (2014). A systematic review of interventions for reducing HIV risk behaviors among people living with HIV in the United States, 1988–2012external iconexternal iconAIDS, 28(5), 633–656. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000000108

Lansky, A., Finlayson, T., Johnson, C., Holtzman, D., Wejnert, C., Mitsch, A., Gust, D., Chen, D., Mizuno, Y., & Crepaz, N. (2014). Estimating the number of persons who inject drugs in the United States by meta-analysis to calculate national rates of HIV and hepatitis C virus infectionsexternal iconexternal iconPLoS ONE, 9(5), e97596. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0097596

Higa, D. H., Crepaz, N., Marshall, K., Kay, L., Vosburgh, H. W., Spikes, P., Lyles, C. M., & Purcell, D. W. (2013). A systematic review to identify challenges of demonstrating efficacy of HIV behavioral interventions for gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM)external iconexternal iconAIDS and Behavior, 17(4), 1231-1244. doi: 10.1007/s10461-013-0418-z

Liau, A., Crepaz, N., Lyles, C. M., Higa, D. H., Mullins, M. M., DeLuca, J. B., Petters, S., Marks, G. & the HIV/AIDS Prevention Research Synthesis (PRS) Team. (2013). Interventions to promote linkage to and utilization of HIV medical care among HIV-diagnosed persons: A qualitative systematic review, 1996-2011external iconexternal iconAIDS and Behavior, 17(6), 1941-1962. doi: 10.1007/s10461-013-0435-y

Chin, H. B., Sipe, T. A., Elder, R. W., Mercer, S. L., Chattopadhyay, S. K., Jacob, V., Wethington, H. R., Kirby, D., Elliston, D. B., Griffith, M., Chuke, S. O., Briss, S. C., Ericksen, I., Galbraith, J. S., Herbst, J. H., Johnson, R. L., Kraft, J. M., Noar, S. M., Romero, L. M., Santelli, J., & Community Preventive Services Task Force (2012). The effectiveness of group-based comprehensive risk-reduction and abstinence education interventions to prevent or reduce the risk of adolescent pregnancy, Human Immunodeficiency Virus, and sexually transmitted infections: two systematic reviews for the Guide to Community Preventive Servicesexternal iconexternal iconAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine, 42(3), 272-94. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2011.11.006

Collins, C. B., Jr., Edwards, A. E., Jones, P. L., Kay, L., Cox, P. J., & Puddy, R. W. (2012). A comparison of the Interactive Systems Framework (ISF) for dissemination and implementation and the CDC Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention’s Research-to-Practice model for behavioral interventionexternal iconexternal iconAmerican Journal of Community Psychology, 50(3-4), 518-529. doi: 10.1007/s10464-012-9525-7

Henny, K. D., Crepaz, N., Lyles, C. M., Marshall, K. J., Aupont, L. W., Jacobs, E. D., Liau, A., Rama, S., Kay, L. S., Willis, L. A., & Charania, M. R. (2012). Efficacy of HIV/STI behavioral interventions for heterosexual African American men in the United States: A meta-analysisexternal iconexternal iconAIDS and Behavior, 16(5), 1092-1114. doi: 10.1007/s10461-011-0100-2

Higa, D. H., Marks, G., Crepaz, N., Liau, A., & Lyles, C. M. (2012). Interventions to improve retention in HIV primary care: A systematic review of U.S. studiesexternal iconexternal iconCurrent HIV/AIDS Reports, 9(4), 313-325. doi: 10.1007/s11904-012-0136-6

Purcell, D. W., Johnson, C. H., Lansky, A., Prejean, J., Stein, R., Denning, P., Gau, Z., Weinstock, H., Su, J., & Crepaz, N. (2012). Estimating the population size of men who have sex with men in the United States to obtain HIV and syphilis ratesexternal iconexternal iconOpen AIDS Journal, 6(Suppl. 1), 98-107. doi: 10.2174/1874613601206010098

Vosburgh, H. W., Mansergh, G., Sullivan, P. S., & Purcell, D. W. (2012). A review of the literature on event-level substance use and sexual risk behavior among men who have sex with menexternal iconexternal iconAIDS and Behavior, 16(6), 1394-1410. doi: 10.1007/s10461-011-0131-8

Charania, M. R., Crepaz, N., Guenther-Gray, C., Henny, K., Liau, A., Willis, L., & Lyles, C. (2011). Efficacy of structural-level condom distribution interventions: A meta-analysis of U.S. and international studies, 1998–2007external iconexternal iconAIDS and Behavior, 15(7), 1283-1297. doi: 10.1007/s10461-010-9812-y

Marks, G., Gardner, L. I., Craw J., & Crepaz, N. (2010). Entry and retention in medical care among HIV-diagnosed persons: A meta-analysisexternal iconexternal iconAIDS, 24(17), 2665-2678. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e32833f4b1b

Marshall, K., Crepaz, N., & O’Leary, A. (2010). A systematic review of evidence-based behavioral interventions for African American youth at risk for HIV/STI infection, 1988–2007. In D. McCree, K. T. Jones, & A. O’Leary (Eds.), African Americans and HIV/AIDS: Understanding and addressing the epidemic (pp. 181-209). New York, NY: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-0-387-78321-5_9

Neumann, M. S., Herbst, J. H., & Guenther-Gray, C. A. (2010). Developing HIV behavioral interventions for men who have sex with men: Comparing experiences from the United States and Australia. In D. A. Feldman (Ed.), AIDS, culture, and gay men (pp. 184-212). Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida. doi: 10.5744/florida/9780813034317.003.0011

Crepaz, N., Marks, G., Liau, A., Mullins, M. M., Aupont, L. W., Marshall, K. J., Jacobs, E. D., Wolitski, R. J., & the HIV/AIDS Prevention Synthesis (PRS) Team. (2009). Prevalence of unprotected anal intercourse among HIV-diagnosed men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States: A meta-analysisexternal iconexternal iconAIDS, 23(13), 1617-1629. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e32832effae

Crepaz, N., Marshall, K. J., Aupont, L.W., Jacobs, E. D., Mizuno, Y., Kay, L. S., Jones, P., McCree, D. H., & O’Leary, A. (2009). The efficacy of HIV/STI behavioral interventions for African-American females in the United States: A meta-analysisexternal iconexternal iconAmerican Journal of Public Health, 99(11), 2069-2078. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2008.139519

Crepaz, N., Passin, W. F., Herbst, J. H., Rama, S. M., Malow, R. M., Purcell, D. W., Wolitski, R. J., & HIV/AIDS Prevention Research Synthesis Team. (2008). Meta-analysis of cognitive-behavioral interventions on HIV positive-persons’ mental health and immune functioningexternal iconexternal iconHealth Psychology, 27(1), 4-14. doi: 10.1037/0278-6133.27.1.4

Darbes, L., Crepaz, N., Lyles, C. M., Kennedy, G., Zohrabyan, L., & Rutherford, G. W. (2008). The efficacy of behavioral interventions in reducing HIV risk behaviors and incident sexually transmitted diseases in heterosexual African Americansexternal iconexternal iconAIDS, 22(10), 1177-1194. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e3282ff624e

Herbst, J. H., Jacobs, E. D., Finlayson, T. J., McKleroy, V. S., Neumann, M. S., Crepaz, N., & the HIV/AIDS Prevention Team. (2008). Estimating HIV prevalence and risk behavior of transgender persons in the United States: A systematic reviewexternal iconexternal iconAIDS and Behavior, 12(1), 1-17. doi: 10.1007/s10461-007-9299-3

Collins, C. B., Jr., Johnson, W. D., & Lyles, C. M. (2007). Linking research and practice: Evidence-based HIV preventionexternal iconexternal iconFocus, 22(7), 1-5.

Crepaz, N., Horn, A. K., Rama, S. M., Griffin, T., DeLuca, J. B., Mullins, M. M., Aral, S. O., & the HIV/AIDS Prevention Research Synthesis (PRS) Team. (2007). The efficacy of behavioral interventions in reducing HIV risk sex behaviors and incident sexually transmitted disease in black and Hispanic sexually transmitted disease clinic patients in the United States: A meta-analytic reviewexternal iconexternal iconSexually Transmitted Diseases, 34(6), 319-332. doi: 10.1097/01.olq.0000240342.12960.73

Herbst, J. H., Beeker, C. G., Mathew, A., McNally, T., Passin, W. F., Kay, L. S., Crepaz, N., Lyles, C. M., Briss, P., Chattopadhyay, S., Johnson, R. L., & Task Force on Community Preventive Services. (2007). The effectiveness of individual-, group-, and community-level HIV behavioral risk reduction interventions for adult men who have sex with men: A systematic reviewexternal iconexternal iconAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine, 32(Suppl. 4), S38-S67. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2006.12.006

Herbst, J. H., Kay, L. S., Passin, W. F., Lyles, C. M., Crepaz, N., Marin, B. V., & the HIV/AIDS Prevention Research Synthesis (PRS) Team. (2007). A systematic review and meta-analysis of behavioral interventions to reduce HIV risk behaviors of Hispanics in the United States and Puerto Ricoexternal iconexternal iconAIDS and Behavior, 11(1), 25-47. doi: 10.1007/s10461-006-9151-1

Lyles, C. M., Kay, L. S., Crepaz, N., Herbst, J. H., Passin, W. F., Kim, A. S., Rama, S., Thadiparthi, S., DeLuca, J. B., Mullins, M. M. & the HIV/AIDS Prevention Research Synthesis (PRS) Team. (2007). Best-evidence interventions: Findings from a systematic review of HIV behavioral interventions for US populations at high risk, 2000-2004external iconexternal iconAmerican Journal of Public Health, 97(1), 133-143. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2005.076182

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2006). Evolution of HIV/AIDS prevention programs—United States, 1981-2006external iconexternal iconMorbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 55(21), 597-603.

Crepaz, N., Lyles, C., Wolitski, R. J., Passin, W. F., Rama, S. M., Herbst, J. H., Purcell, D. W., Malow, R. M., Stall, R. & HIV/AIDS Prevention Synthesis Team. (2006). Do prevention interventions reduce HIV risk behaviours among people living with HIV? A meta-analytic review of controlled trialsexternal iconexternal iconAIDS, 20(2), 143-157. doi: 10.1097/01.aids.0000196166.48518.a0

Passin, W. F., Kim, A. S., Hutchinson, A. B., Crepaz, N., Herbst, J. H., Lyles, C. M., & the HIV/AIDS Prevention Research Synthesis Team. (2006). A systematic review of HIV partner counseling and referral services: Client and provider attitudes, preferences, practices, and experiencesexternal iconexternal iconSexually Transmitted Diseases, 33(5), 320-328. doi: 10.1097/01.olq.0000194597.16236.48

Simoni, J. M., Pearson, C. R., Pantalone, D. W., Marks, G., & Crepaz, N. (2006). Efficacy of interventions in improving highly active antiretroviral therapy adherence and HIV-1 RNA viral load: A meta-analytic review of randomized controlled trialsexternal iconexternal iconJAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 43(Suppl. 1), S23-S35. doi: 10.1097/01.qai.0000248342.05438.52

Herbst, J. H., Sherba, R. T., Crepaz, N., DeLuca, J. B., Zohrabyan, L., Stall, R. D., & Lyles, C. M. (2005). A meta-analytic review of HIV behavioral interventions for reducing sexual risk behavior of men who have sex with menexternal iconexternal iconJAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 39(2), 228-241.

Marks, G., Crepaz, N., Senterfitt, J. W., & Janssen, R. S. (2005). Meta-analysis of high-risk sexual behavior in persons aware and unaware they are infected with HIV in the United States: Implications for HIV prevention programsexternal iconexternal iconJAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 39(4), 446-453.

Wolitski, R. J., Janssen, R. S., Onorato, I. M., Purcell, D. W., & Crepaz, N. (2005). An overview of prevention with people living with HIV. In Kalichman, S. C. (Ed.), Positive prevention: Reducing HIV transmission among people living with HIV/AIDS (pp. 1-28). New York, NY: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. doi: 10.1007/0-306-48700-4_1

Crepaz, N., Hart, T. A., & Marks, G. (2004). Highly active antiretroviral therapy and sexual risk behavior: A meta-analytic reviewexternal iconexternal iconJAMA Journal of the American Medical Association, 292(2), 224-236. doi: 10.1001/jama.292.2.224

Johnson, W. D., Hedges, L. V., Ramirez, G., Semaan, S., Norman, L. R., Sogolow, E., Sweat, M. D., & Diaz, R. M. (2002). HIV prevention research for men who have sex with men: A systematic review and meta-analysisexternal iconexternal iconJAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 30(Suppl. 1), S118-S129.

Mullen, P. D., Ramirez, G., Strouse, D., Hedges, L. V., & Sogolow, E. (2002). Meta-analysis of the effects of behavioral HIV prevention interventions on the sexual risk behavior of sexually experienced adolescents in controlled studies in the United Statesexternal iconexternal iconJAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 30(Suppl. 1), S94-S105.

Neumann, M. S., Johnson, W. D., Semaan, S., Flores, S. A., Peersman, G., Hedges, L. V., & Sogolow, E. (2002). Review and meta-analysis of HIV prevention intervention research for heterosexual adult populations in the United Statesexternal iconexternal iconJAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 30(Suppl. 1), S106-S117.

Semaan, S., Des Jarlais, D. C., Sogolow, E., Johnson, W. D., Hedges, L. V., Ramirez, G., Flores,S. A., Norman, L., Sweat, M. D., & Needle, R. (2002). A meta-analysis of the effect of HIV prevention interventions on the sex behaviors of drug users in the United Statesexternal iconexternal iconJAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 30(Suppl. 1), S73-S93.

Semaan, S., Kay, L., Strouse, D., Sogolow, E., Mullen, P. D., Neumann, M. S., Flores, S. A., Peersman, G., Johnson, W. D., Lipman, P. D., Eke, A., & Des Jarlais, D. C. (2002). A profile of U.S.-based trials of behavioral and social interventions for HIV risk reductionexternal iconexternal iconJAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 30(Suppl. 1), S30-S50.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2001). Compendium of HIV prevention interventions with evidence of effectivenessexternal iconAtlanta: U. S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Neumann, M. S., & Sogolow, E. D.(2000). Replicating effective programs: HIV/AIDS prevention technology transferexternal iconexternal iconAIDS Education, 12(Suppl 5), 35-48.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (1999). Compendium of HIV Prevention Interventions with Evidence of Effectivenesspdf iconpdf icon. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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