Suspected Nonfatal Drug Overdoses during COVID-19

Data on suspected nonfatal drug overdoses presenting to emergency departments (EDs) from CDC’s Drug Overdose Surveillance and Epidemiology (DOSE) system are presented below, with a focus on total ED visits and ED visits for suspected overdoses during March through September 2020. This period was marked by a substantial decline in the number of total ED visits across the United States,1 at least in part because of delays in seeking care or avoiding care in EDs during the COVID-19 pandemic.2 However, nationwide nonfatal overdoses did not decline at a similar pace.3

The figure below includes monthly data from 42 states, including the District of Columbia, sharing syndromic surveillance data with CDC’s DOSE system from January 2019 through September 2020. The data show:

  • Total ED visits began declining after January 2020, reaching the lowest point in April 2020 (see gray bars). Starting in May 2020, total ED visits began increasing but remained lower than months prior to March 2020.
  • During March through September 2020, compared to the previous time period, there were higher numbers of suspected overdose ED visits for all drugs (light blue line), opioids (yellow line), heroin (dark blue line), and stimulants (orange line), with peaks in the number of ED visits varying by substance.
    • Numbers of suspected all drug and opioid-involved overdoses were highest in July 2020 and gradually declined during the following months, with numbers still higher in September 2020 than before March 2020.
    • Numbers of suspected heroin- and stimulant-involved overdoses were highest in May 2020 and gradually declined during the following months, with numbers still higher in August 2020 than before March 2020.

Emergency Department (ED) Visit Totals and Suspected Nonfatal Overdose Numbers* for 42 States Sharing Syndromic Data† with CDC DOSE: January 2019-September 2020

Emergency Department Visit Totals & Suspected Nonfatal Overdose Numbers for 42 States with CDC DOSE: Jan. 2019-Sept. 2020

* Overdose visit numbers are not mutually exclusive but rather reflect nesting of drug categories: numbers of suspected opioid-, heroin-, and stimulant-involved overdose visits are included in the numbers of suspected all drug overdose visits; suspected heroin-involved overdose visits are included in the numbers of suspected opioid-involved overdose visits; and some overdose visits involved multiple substances (e.g., a given overdose ED visit could have involved both opioids and stimulants).

† The 42 jurisdictions with data included are the District of Columbia and the following states: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin, West Virginia. Sums of overdose visits were aggregated from the 42 states prior to the application of data suppression rules, which are presented later in the state-specific graphics. Data from some states were not available in every month, only facilities sharing syndromic data within a state are represented in these data, and coverage varies across the states included.

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State-specific Nonfatal Drug Overdoses during COVID-19

State-specific data from CDC’s DOSE system are presented below (from March through September for 2019 and 2020) to indicate how overdoses changed between March 2020 and September 2020 across states and how overdoses during this time period in 2020 were similar or different during the same months in 2019. State-specific data include numbers of total ED visits, numbers of suspected drug overdose ED visits, and rates of suspected drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits.

Click on the state name to view the state-specific figure.

It is important to review state-specific numbers and rates with caution. Important caveats to consider when interpreting the data include:

  1. Some data may be missing. Data sent from EDs to health departments may be delayed or may stop for a period of time. When EDs begin sharing data again, information about visits during the lapse may never be shared.
  2. Reporting facilities and the data they report can change. Numbers and rates could change over time as more facilities began sharing data or sharing higher quality data. Some states had increases in the number of EDs reporting data during March through September 2020, and some EDs had increases in the proportion of ED visits in syndromic data that contain diagnosis codes, which facilitate the identification of overdose-related visits.
  3. Data are updated over time. The chief complaint, or the reason for the ED visit, is available in syndromic surveillance systems within 48 hours for ~70% of ED visits. However, the chief complaint field may be incomplete. ED visit data may be updated over the course of several weeks, and relevant overdose discharge diagnosis codes or revised chief complaint text may be received during this time. Therefore, rates may change over time as the visit records are completed and new drug overdose visits are identified.
  4. Data should not be interpreted as exact case numbers because quality of visit information may change over time and facility data submission may be interrupted or delayed.
  5. These are suspected overdoses. Because these data are not determined by toxicological testing, they are not considered confirmed cases, but “suspected” overdoses.
  6. Data likely represent an undercount, given inaccuracies in coding and missing chief complaint information.
  7. Rates may be difficult to interpret. Although the calculation of rates per 10,000 ED visits accounts for changes in ED facility participation in DOSE over time, these rates may be influenced by characteristics of the populations served by EDs or changes in total ED visits, which declined substantially and remained low during the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic (March through September 2020).1 Therefore, changes in rates in some states may not necessarily provide an indication of a substantially worsening overdose crisis in those states. Because of the substantial changes in ED visit volume following the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, readers must interpret data cautiously, especially if trends in suspected nonfatal drug overdose per 10,000 ED visits differ from trends in numbers of suspected drug overdoses.
  8. Overdose visit numbers are not mutually exclusive but rather reflect nesting of drug categories: numbers of suspected opioid-, heroin-, and stimulant-involved overdose visits are included in the numbers of suspected all drug overdose visits; suspected heroin-involved overdose visits are included in the numbers of suspected opioid-involved overdose visits; and some overdose visits involved multiple substances (e.g., a given overdose ED visit could have involved both opioids and stimulants).

Data Suppression

Both counts and rates are suppressed when overdose counts are less than 20. Data for each specific figure are displayed if at least two data points can be presented in 2020. Additionally, 2019 data were included if there were at least two data points in 2019. In addition, data for some states were not available in every month during the time presented. Data presented in the downloadable CSV file are suppressed for overdose counts of less than 10, and rates included in the downloadable CSV file are suppressed when overdose counts are less than 20.

Alabama State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Alaska State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Arizona State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Arkansas State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Colorad State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Connecticut State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Deleware State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

DC State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Florida State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Georgia State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Idaho State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Illinois State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Indiana State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Kansas State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Kentucky State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Louisiana State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Maine State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Maryland State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Massachusetts State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Michigan State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Mississippi State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Missouri State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Montana State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Neveda State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

New Hampshire State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

New Jersey State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

New Mexico State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

New York State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

North Carolina State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Ohio State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Oregon State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Pennsylvania State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Rhode Island State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

South Carolina State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

South Dakota State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Tennessee State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Utah State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Vermont State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Virginia State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Washington State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

WV State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

Wisconsin State Graphs
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State-specific figures include three panels.

  • The first panel is called “Figure 1. Total ED Visits.” This first panel includes a line graph of total ED visits: one line showing total ED visits from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing total ED visits from March 2020 through September 2020.
  • The second panel is called “Figure 2. Total ED Visits for Overdoses, by Drug Category.” This second panel includes vertical bar graphs showing monthly counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses in persons presenting to EDs from March 2019 through September 2019 and from March 2020 through September 2020. The same months in 2019 and 2020 are presented in adjacent vertical bars (e.g., March 2019 next to March 2020). Graphs in this second panel, showing counts of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules described above and below, between one and four vertical bar graphs are presented in this panel.
  • The third panel is called “Figure 3. Rate of ED Visits for Overdoses per 10,000 ED Visits, by Drug Category.” This third panel includes line graphs showing monthly rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits: one line showing rates from March 2019 through September 2019 with an overlay of another line showing rates from March 2020 through September 2020. Graphs in this third panel, showing rates of suspected nonfatal drug overdoses per 10,000 ED visits, are distinguished by drugs involved: all drugs, opioids, heroin, and stimulants. Based on suppression rules (please see below), between one- and four-line graphs are presented in this panel.

For figures in the second and third panels, specifically:

  • Some overdose counts were not available for reporting. In the vertical bar graphs in the second panel, these are represented by filled circles [●].
  • Overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from vertical bar graphs in the second panel. Suppressed counts are represented by addition signs [+].
  • Rates based on overdose counts less than 20 are suppressed from line graphs in the third panel, with markers not provided for suppressed rates and lines presented only between adjacent months if markers are shown.
  • Each specific figure is displayed if at least two data points are presented in 2020. Data from 2019 are included if there are at least two data points available to present. As a result, state-specific panels include between one and four figures.

Please refer to the description above for important caveats to consider when interpreting the data presented. In addition, data from some states were not available for every month during the time period presented (i.e., March through September 2019 and March through September 2020). Please visit state-specific websites for additional details on overdose-related ED visits.

 

References

  1. Hartnett KP, Kite-Powell A, DeVies J, et al. Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Emergency Department Visits — United States, January1, 2019–May 30, 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2020;69:699–704. DOI: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6923e1
  2. Czeisler MÉ, Marynak K, Clarke KE, et al. Delay or Avoidance of Medical Care Because of COVID-19–Related Concerns — United States, June 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2020;69:1250–1257. DOI: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6936a4
  3. Holland KM, Jones C, Vivolo-Kantor AM, et al. Trends in US Emergency Department Visits for Mental Health, Overdose, and Violence-Related Outcomes Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic.external icon JAMA Psyhciatry 2021, Feb 3. DOI: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2020.4402
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