Precautions When Working with Lujo Virus in Laboratories

Because infection with Lujo virus can produce severe hemorrhagic symptoms in humans, researchers studying Lujo virus must work only in BSL4 laboratories, where the most stringent safety and security conditions are in effect. In the United States, Lujo virus is classified as a Select Agent.

Although rodent control would be desirable, it will not be a successful strategy for preventing Lujo hemorrhagic fever cases caused by exposures outdoors.

As for other hemorrhagic fevers, full barrier nursing procedures should be implemented during management of suspected or confirmed LUHF cases (no infection occurred after their implementation in South Africa).