Questions and Answers About Tuberculosis

Questions and Answers About Tuberculosis (TB) provides information on the diagnosis and treatment of TB infection and TB disease. Key audiences for this booklet are people with or at risk for TB; people who may have been exposed to someone with TB; people who provide services for those at high risk for TB, such as correctional officers, homeless shelter workers, and emergency responders; and people who want to learn more about tuberculosis.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

What is TB?

Why is TB still a problem in the United States?

How is TB spread?

Who is at risk for getting TB?

What is latent TB infection (LTBI)?

What is TB disease?

Who is at risk for TB disease?

What are the symptoms of TB disease?

What is the difference between latent TB infection (LTBI) and TB disease?

Should I get tested for TB?

What are the tests for TB infection?

What if I have a positive test for TB infection?

What if I have been vaccinated with bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG)?

If I have latent TB infection (LTBI), how can I avoid developing TB disease?

What are the side effects of medicines to treat latent TB infection (LTBI)?

What if I have HIV infection?

If I was exposed to someone with TB disease, can I give TB to others?

How is TB disease treated?

What are the side effects of TB disease medicines?

Why do I need to take TB medicines for so long?

What are multidrug-resistant TB (MDR TB) and extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR TB)?

What is directly observed therapy (DOT)?

How can I remember to take my TB medicines if I am not on DOT?

How can I keep from spreading TB?

Additional TB Resources