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Association of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease With Increased Confusion or Memory Loss and Functional Limitations Among Adults in 21 States, 2011 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System


Figure. Functional limitations among persons with or without reported increased confusion or memory loss (ICML), by chronic obstructive pulmonary COPD status, adults aged 45 years and older in 21 states (Arkansas, California, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Washington, West Virginia, and Wisconsin), 2011 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Domains where help was needed are safety, transportation, household activities, personal care, and other. Abbreviations: CI, confidence interval; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; —, not applicable.

Limitation ICML With COPD, % (95% CI) ICML Without COPD, % (95% CI) NO ICML With COPD, % (95% CI) No ICML or COPD, % (95% CI)
General limitation
2 or more weeks of activity limitation in prior month 51.9 (47.4-56.3) 26.2 (24.0-28.6) 23.6 (21.5-26.0) 7.0 (6.5-7.4)
Health problem requires use of special equipment 45.5 (41.2-49.9) 25.3 (23.1-27.6) 29.1 (26.6-31.7) 9.5 (9.0-9.9)
Unable to work 45.6 (41.2-50.0) 22.3 (20.1-24.7) 21.6 (19.1-24.2) 6.3 (5.9-6.8)
ICML-associated limitation
Difficulty with household chores, former activities, or social activities 43.7 (39.3-48.2) 29.8 (27.1-32.5)
Interferes with ability to work or volunteer 46.2 (41.7-50.6) 30.4 (28.1-32.9)
Needed help in any domain 66.9 (62.6-70.8) 53.7 (51.1-56.3)
Received help in prior month 32.1 (28.1-36.4) 21.2 (19.0-23.5)

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Page last reviewed: January 7, 2016