HIV Multimedia Resources
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A new Vital Signs report finds the remaining gaps in testing and treating people with HIV are hindering efforts to stop new infections. An estimated 80 percent of new HIV infections in 2016 were from the nearly 40 percent of people with HIV who either did not know they had HIV or who received a diagnoses, but were not receiving HIV care.
Annual HIV infections (“HIV incidence”) in the United States have been reduced by more than two-thirds since the height of the epidemic in the mid-1980s, but CDC data indicate that progress has stalled in recent years.
Using available data from 2015, CDC researchers found that only a small percentage of Americans – especially people of color – who could potentially benefit from pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), a daily HIV prevention pill, have been prescribed it.
CDC Vital Signs reports the latest data (2015) on HIV testing frequency among Americans at increased risk of infection and on how long people are living with HIV before they find out they have it.
CDC’s analysis of the 2014 U.S. HIV care continuum shows that of the estimated 1.1 million people living with HIV in the United States, 85% knew they were infected, and 49% were virally suppressed. The analysis also details differences in HIV diagnosis, care and treatment by age, race / ethnicity, transmission route, and sex.
CDC released estimates of the number of annual HIV infections or HIV incidence (2008-2014) in the United States – overall and by transmission group.
HIV diagnoses (2010-2015) among African Americans have declined and gaps in disparity are closing, but improvements needed in testing and treatment services.