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Guidance and Considerations for Health Care Providers and for State and Local Public Health Agencies*

This website is archived for historical purposes and is no longer being maintained or updated. For updated information on the current flu season, see the CDC Seasonal Flu website.

Health Providers of Cardiovascular Disease

November 12, 2009 3:00 PM ET

*This interim guidance has been updated from Spring 2009 to include information regarding vaccination guidelines for 2009 H1N1 influenza and seasonal influenza.

CDC Info for Cardiovascular Disease Health Care Providers

References

  1. Madjid M, Naghavi M, Litovsky S, Casscells SW. Influenza and cardiovascular disease: a new opportunity for prevention and the need for further studies. Circulation 2003;108:2730–2736.

  2. Nichol KL, Nordin J, Mullooly J, Lask R, Fillbrandt K, Iwane M. Influenza vaccination and reduction in hospitalizations for cardiac disease and stroke among the elderly. N Engl J Med 2003;348(14):1322–1332.

  3. Gurfinkel EP, de la Fuente RL, Mendiz O, Mautner B. Influenza vaccine pilot study in acute coronary syndromes and planned percutaneous coronary interventions: the FLU Vaccination Acute Coronary Syndromes (FLUVACS) Study. Circulation 2002;05(18):2143–2147.

  4. Ciszewski A, Bilinska ZT, Brydak LB, et al. Influenza vaccination in secondary prevention from coronary ischaemic events in coronary artery disease: FLUCAD study. Eur Heart J 2008;29(11):1350–1358.

  5. Lavallee P, Perchaud V, Gautier-Bertrand M, Grabli D, Amarenco P. Association between influenza vaccination and reduced risk of brain infarction. Stroke 2002;33(2):513–518.

  6. Madjid M, Aboshady I, Awan I, Litovsky S, Casscells SW. Influenza and cardiovascular disease: is there a causal relationship? Tex Heart Inst J 2004;31:4–13.

  7. Madjid M, Curkendall S, Blumentals WA. The influence of oseltamivir treatment on the risk of stroke after influenza infection. Cardiology 2008;113(2):98–107. 

  8. Madjid M, Casscells SW. Of birds and men: cardiologists' role in influenza pandemics. Lancet 2004;364(9442):1309.

  9. Mensah GA, Grant AO, Pepine CJ, et al. ACCF/AHA/CDC conference report on emerging infectious diseases and biological terrorism threats: the clinical and public health implications for the prevention and control of cardiovascular diseases. J Am Coll Cardiol 2007;49(12):1373–1412.

  10. Smeeth L, Thomas SL, Hall AJ, Hubbard R, Farrington P, Vallance P. Risk of myocardial infarction and stroke after acute infection or vaccination. N Engl J Med 2004;351(25):2611–2618.

  11. Madjid M, Miller CC, Zarubaev VV, et al. Influenza epidemics and acute respiratory disease activity are associated with a surge in autopsy-confirmed coronary heart disease death: results from 8 years of autopsies in 34,892 subjects. Eur Heart J 2007;28(10):1205–1210.

 
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