Risk & Prevention
Who gets infected with Cryptococcus gattii?
Anyone can get a C. gattii infection, even people who are otherwise healthy. People who have weakened immune systems are at increased risk. This includes people who have HIV/AIDS, have had an organ transplant, or are undergoing treatment for cancer. Animals, including domestic cats and dogs, can also get C. gattii infections; however, the infection cannot pass between animals and humans.
Where does the fungus live?
Cryptococcus gattii is thought to be endemic (native and common) in the U.S. Pacific Northwest, Vancouver Island, and mainland British Columbia.
How can I prevent infection with Cryptococcus gattii?
There are no formal recommendations for preventing C. gattii infection. Most people breathe in small amounts of many different types of fungal spores every day but never become sick. However, if you have symptoms that you think may be caused by C. gattii, you should see a doctor.