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Culture Matters in Communicating the Global Response to COVID-19


The components of the PEN-3 model are presented in 3 sections, which list the 3 domains of each component. For the cultural empowerment domain, the 3 components are positive, existential, and negative; for the relationship and expectation domain, the components are perception, enablers, and nurturers; and for the cultural identity domain, the components are people, extended family, and neighborhood.

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The PEN-3 Model. The model has 3 primary components: cultural identity, cultural empowerment, and relationships and expectations, and each of the 3 components has 3 domains.

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Page last reviewed: July 9, 2020