Table 30. Percentage of Dentate Adults Aged 65 Years or Older with Untreated Tooth Decay in Permanent Teeth

Oral Health Surveillance Report

Table 30. Prevalence of untreated tooth decay in permanent teeth (DT ≥1)a among dentate adults aged 65 years or older, by selected characteristics, United States, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999–2004 and 2011–2016

Characteristic
1999-2004
2011-2016
Change %b
%
SE
%
SE
Total
18.1
1.01
15.9
1.20
-2.2
Age (years)
65–74c
17.0
1.37
15.4
1.55
-1.6
>75
19.5
1.28
16.5
1.40
-3.0
Sex
Malec
20.4
1.34
18.0
1.53
-2.4
Female
16.4
1.18
14.2*
1.25
-2.3
Race and ethnicity
White, non-Hispanicc
15.8
1.24
13.4
1.25
-2.4
Black, non-Hispanic
37.1
3.48
29.1*
2.49
-8.0
Mexican American
42.1
3.07
35.9*
3.24
-6.2
Poverty status
<100%FPL
33.4
3.42
33.1*
3.18
-0.3
100%–199% FPL
23.8
1.75
26.9*
2.64
3.1
≥200% FPLc
14.2
1.20
9.9
1.27
-4.3*
Poverty status
<200% FPL
26.2
1.75
28.6*
2.30
2.4
≥200% FPLc
14.2
1.20
9.9
1.27
-4.3*
Education
<High school
26.2
2.33
30.8*
2.76
4.7
High school
17.7
1.39
18.8*
2.22
1.1
>High schoolc
14.2
1.27
11.7
1.35
-2.5
Cigarette smoking history
Current smoker
27.6
3.66
33.9*
5.10
6.3
Former smoker
18.6
1.31
15.3
1.67
-3.3
Never smokedc
16.5
1.30
14.2
1.37
-2.4

Note: All estimates are adjusted by age (5-year groups; maximum age group is >80) to the US 2000 standard population. SE = standard error. FPL = federal poverty level; <100% FPL = poor; 100%–199% FPL = near-poor; <200% FPL = poor and near-poor combined; and ≥200% FPL = not-poor.

*P < 0.05 based on t-test for differences between two periods or two groups within each characteristic.

Defined as having one or more untreated decayed permanent teeth among adults with at least one permanent tooth.
Change in percentage points from 1999–2004 to 2011–2016. Positive value = increase; negative value = decrease.
Reference group for comparisons within each characteristic, 2011–2016.