Table 31. Number of Untreated Decayed, Missing, or Filled Permanent Teeth Among Dentate Adults Aged 65 Years or Older

Oral Health Surveillance Report

Table 31. Mean number of untreated decayed (DT), missing (MT), filled (FT), untreated decayed or filled (DFT), and untreated decayed, missing, or filled (DMFT) permanent teetha among dentate adults aged 65 years or older, by selected characteristics , United States, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999–2004 and 2011–2016

Characteristic
1999-2004
2011-2016
Change in DMFTb
Change in DFTb
Change in DTb
Change in FTb
DMFT
DFT
DT
MT
FT
DMFT
DFT
DT
MT
FT
Mean
SE
Mean
SE
Mean
SE
Mean
SE
Mean
SE
Mean
SE
Mean
SE
Mean
SE
MEAN
SE
MEAN
SE
Total
18.0
0.23
9.1
0.21
0.4
0.04
8.8
0.23
8.7
0.23
16.7
0.14
10.1
0.20
0.3
0.03
6.6
0.21
9.8
0.21
-1.2*
0.9*
-0.1*
1.0*
Age (years)
65-74c
17.7
0.25
9.3
0.24
0.4
0.05
8.3
0.28
9.0
0.26
15.9
0.21
10.2
0.23
0.3
0.03
5.6
0.23
9.9
0.24
-1.8*
0.9*
-0.1
1.0*
>75
18.3
0.29
8.9
0.26
0.5
0.05
9.4
0.30
8.4
0.28
17.8*
0.21
9.9
0.27
0.3
0.03
7.9*
0.30
9.6
0.28
-0.5
1.0*
-0.2*
1.1*
Sex
Malec
17.6
0.27
8.9
0.22
0.5
0.05
8.7
0.29
8.3
0.25
16.6
0.22
10.1
0.26
0.4
0.04
6.5
0.28
9.7
0.27
-1.0*
1.2*
-0.1
1.4*
Female
18.3
0.25
9.3
0.27
0.4
0.04
9.0
0.28
9.0
0.29
16.9
0.17
10.0
0.22
0.3*
0.03
6.8
0.25
9.8
0.23
-1.5*
0.7
-0.1
0.8*
Race and ethnicity
White, non-Hispanicc
18.2
0.24
9.9
0.22
0.4
0.04
8.3
0.25
9.6
0.24
16.8
0.17
11.1
0.19
0.3
0.03
5.8
0.22
10.8
0.19
-1.4*
1.1*
-0.1
1.2*
Black, non-Hispanic
16.9
0.40
4.2
0.31
1.1
0.15
12.7
0.49
3.2
0.30
16.2
0.40
5.1*
0.27
0.7*
0.08
11.2*
0.43
4.4*
0.29
-0.7
0.9*
-0.4*
1.3*
Mexican American
15.3
0.42
5.4
0.45
1.2
0.09
9.9
0.36
4.2
0.48
14.6*
0.60
5.7*
0.53
1.0*
0.15
8.8*
0.45
4.8*
0.53
-0.7
0.4
-0.2
0.6
Poverty status
<100%FPL
17.3
0.51
5.1
0.38
1.0
0.15
12.2
0.73
4.1
0.35
16.5
0.42
5.7*
0.43
0.9*
0.10
10.8*
0.54
4.8*
0.45
-0.8
0.6
-0.2
0.7
100%–199% FPL
18.2
0.48
7.4
0.39
0.6
0.07
10.8
0.52
6.9
0.42
17.0
0.29
8.2*
0.28
0.6*
0.07
8.8*
0.39
7.6*
0.29
-1.2*
0.8
0.0
0.7
≥200% FPLc
18.1
0.21
10.5
0.16
0.3
0.04
7.6
0.22
10.2
0.17
16.8
0.19
11.5
0.21
0.2
0.03
5.3
0.21
11.3
0.21
-1.4*
1.0*
-0.1*
1.1*
Poverty status
<200% FPL
18.0
0.46
6.8
0.31
0.7
0.08
11.1
0.47
6.2
0.34
16.8
0.25
7.5*
0.28
0.7*
0.07
9.3*
0.34
6.8*
0.30
-1.1*
0.7
0.0
0.7
≥200% FPLc
18.1
0.21
10.5
0.16
0.3
0.04
7.6
0.22
10.2
0.17
16.8
0.19
11.5
0.21
0.2
0.03
5.3
0.21
11.3
0.21
-1.4*
1.0*
-0.1*
1.1*
Education
<High School
17.7
0.37
5.7
0.30
0.8
0.11
12.0
0.39
4.9
0.36
16.5
0.38
6.1*
0.27
0.7*
0.08
10.3*
0.37
5.4*
0.28
-1.2*
0.5
0.0
0.5
High School
18.4
0.34
8.8
0.29
0.4
0.06
9.6
0.36
8.4
0.30
17.1
0.32
8.9*
0.40
0.4*
0.05
8.1*
0.34
8.5*
0.41
-1.3*
0.2
0.0
0.1
> High Schoolc
17.9
0.23
11.2
0.21
0.3
0.04
6.7
0.25
10.9
0.22
16.7
0.20
11.4
0.20
0.2
0.03
5.2
0.22
11.2
0.21
-1.2*
0.2
-0.1
0.3
Cigarette smoking History
Current smoker
19.0
0.49
6.5
0.59
0.8
0.14
12.5
0.73
5.7
0.61
18.0*
0.57
7.2*
0.69
0.8*
0.15
10.8*
0.77
6.4*
0.74
-1.0
0.7
0.0
0.7
Former smoker
18.4
0.24
8.8
0.22
0.4
0.05
9.6
0.29
8.4
0.24
17.2*
0.24
10.0
0.26
0.3
0.04
7.2*
0.30
9.7
0.27
-1.2*
1.2*
-0.1
1.3*
Never smokedc
17.5
0.31
9.7
0.29
0.4
0.05
7.8
0.33
9.3
0.32
16.1
0.19
10.4
0.26
0.3
0.03
5.7
0.26
10.1
0.27
-1.4*
0.7
-0.1
0.8

Note: All estimates are adjusted by age (5-year groups; maximum age group is >80) to the US 2000 standard population. SE = standard error. FPL = federal poverty level; <100% FPL = poor; 100%–199% FPL = near-poor; <200% FPL = poor and near-poor combined; and ≥200% FPL = not-poor. 0.0 = zero due to rounding.

*P <0.05 based on t-test for differences between two periods or two groups within each characteristic.

Includes older adults with at least one permanent tooth present. Missing component includes “missing due to disease” (dental caries or periodontal diseases).
Change in percentage points from 1999–2004 to 2011–2016. Positive value=increase and negative value=decrease.
c Reference group for comparisons within each characteristic, 2011–2016.