Table 29. Percentage of Dentate Adults Aged 65 Years or Older with Dental Caries in Permanent Teeth

Oral Health Surveillance Report

Table 29. Prevalence of dental caries in permanent teeth (DFT ≥1)a among dentate adults aged 65 years or older, by selected characteristics, United States, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999–2004 and 2011–2016

Characteristic
1999-2004
2011-2016
Change %b
%
SE
%
SE
Total
93.0
0.64
96.2
0.51
3.2*
Age (years)
65–74c
93.2
0.80
96.4
0.65
3.2*
>75
92.7
0.90
96.0
0.65
3.3*
Sex
Malec
93.6
0.90
96.1
0.67
2.5*
Female
92.5
0.82
96.3
0.62
3.9*
Race and ethnicity
White, non-Hispanicc
94.8
0.72
98.2
0.44
3.4*
Black, non-Hispanic
79.8
2.98
85.7*
1.93
5.9
Mexican American
84.1
1.83
85.3*
2.86
1.2
Poverty status
<100%FPL
83.7
2.49
88.1*
2.17
4.4
100%–199% FPL
90.9
1.38
94.0*
0.99
3.1
≥200% FPLc
95.5
0.70
98.2
0.43
2.7*
Poverty status
<200% FPL
89.1
1.13
92.4*
1.10
3.3*
≥200% FPLc
95.5
0.70
98.2
0.43
2.7*
Education
<High school
83.8
1.60
89.1*
1.52
5.3*
High school
94.3
1.24
95.3*
1.09
1.1
>High schoolc
97.2
0.63
98.3
0.33
1.1
Cigarette smoking history
Current smoker
89.6
2.46
89.8*
2.66
0.1
Former smoker
93.5
0.95
96.2
0.79
2.8*
Never smokedc
93.0
0.90
96.8
0.57
3.8*

Note: All estimates are adjusted by age (5-year groups; maximum age group is >80) to the US 2000 standard population. SE = standard error. FPL = federal poverty level; <100% FPL = poor; 100%–199% FPL = near-poor; <200% FPL = poor and near-poor combined; and ≥200% FPL = not-poor.

*P < 0.05 based on t-test for differences between two periods or two groups within each characteristic.

Defined as having one or more untreated decayed or filled permanent teeth among adults with at least one permanent tooth.
Change in percentage points from 1999–2004 to 2011–2016. Positive value = increase; negative value = decrease.
Reference group for comparisons within each characteristic, 2011–2016.