2016 Demographics: Enrollment in Early Intervention (EI)

May 2018

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Source: 2016 CDC Hearing Screening and Follow-up Survey (HSFS)*

*Each jurisdiction’s submitted data underwent a cleaning and error check process. Jurisdictions reporting ≥20% of total infants receiving diagnostic testing in the “unknown” category, for each demographic variable, were excluded from this analysis.

ǂPercentage of infants enrolled in Part C EI services for each category is calculated among the total number of infants with hearing loss (i.e. % Males Enrolled in Part C EI After Diagnosed with Hearing Loss = ( # Total Enrolled in Part C EI: Male / # Total with Hearing Loss:Male ) * 100 ). Test for significant difference between percentages was calculated using Pearson’s chi-square test where α = 0.05 (Software: SAS 9.4, Cary, NC).

Percentage of Infants Enrolled in Part C EI Services After Diagnosed with Hearing Loss, in 2016ǂ: by Gender
Among the 50 out of 56 jurisdictions that reported hearing loss data based on the gender of infants enrolled in Part C EI Services, 65.8% of infants were male and 71.6% of infants were female.

Data reported by 50 out of 56 jurisdictions that responded to the HSFS in 2016: includes AL, AK, American Samoa, AZ, AR, CA, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, CT, DE, District of Columbia, FL, GA, Guam, HI, IA, IN, IA, KS, KY, LA, ME, Marshall Islands, MD, MA, Micronesia, MS, MT, NE, NV, NH, NJ, NM, NY, NC, ND, OH, OK, OR, PR, RI, SC, SD, TN, UT, VT, VA, WA, WV, WI, WY.

Percentage of Infants Enrolled in Part C EI Services After Diagnosed with Hearing Loss, in 2016ǂ: by Maternal Age
Among the 43 out of 56 jurisdictions that reported EI demographic data on maternal age, 55.1% of infants with mothers 15 to 19 years of age, 61.1% of infants with mothers 20 to 24 years of age, 65.8% of infants with mothers 25 to 34 years of age, and 70.5% of infants with mothers 35 to 50 years of age, enrolled in Part C EI services after diagnosed with hearing loss.

N/A: Not applicable – The number of infants reported is too small to draw any conclusions about this maternal age group.
Data reported by 43 out of 56 jurisdictions that responded to the HSFS in 2016: includes AK, American Samoa, AZ, AR, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, CT, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, IN, IA, KS, KY, LA, ME, Marshall Islands, MA, Micronesia, MS, MT, NE, NV, NH, NJ, NM, NY, NC, OH, OK, OR, PR, RI, SC, SD, TN, UT, VT, VA, WV, WI, WY.

Percentage of Infants Enrolled in Part C EI Services After Diagnosed with Hearing Loss, in 2016ǂ: by Maternal Education
Among the 33 out of 56 jurisdictions that reported EI demographic data on maternal education, 61.4% of infants with mothers who have less than a high school education, 60.4% of infants with mothers who have a high school diploma or GED, 62.7% of infants with mothers who have some college or an associate degree and 71.0% of infants with mothers who have a college degree or more enrolled in Part C EI services after diagnosed with hearing loss.

Data reported by 33 out of 56 jurisdictions that responded to the HSFS in 2016: includes American Samoa, AZ, AR, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, FL, GA, HI, IN, IA, KS, LA, Marshall Islands, MA, Micronesia, MT, NE, NV, NH, NJ, NM, NC, OH, OR, PR, RI, SC, TN, UT, VT, VA, WV, WI, WY.

Percentage of Infants Enrolled in Part C EI Services After Diagnosed with Hearing Loss, in 2016ǂ: by Maternal Ethnicity
Among the 34 out of 56 jurisdictions that reported EI demographic data on maternal ethnicity, 71.4% of infants with Hispanic mothers and 63.5% of infants with Non-Hispanic mothers enrolled in Part C EI services after diagnosed with hearing loss.

Data reported by 34 out of 56 jurisdictions that responded to the HSFS in 2016: includes American Samoa, AZ, AR, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, CT, GA, Guam, HI, IN, IA, KS, LA, MA, Micronesia, MT, NE, NV, NH, NJ, NM, NY, NC, OH, OR, PR, RI, SC, TN, UT, VT, VA, WV, WI, WY.

Percentage of Infants Enrolled in Part C EI Services After Diagnosed with Hearing Loss, in 2016ǂ: by Maternal Race
Among the 34 out of 56 jurisdictions that reported EI demographic data on maternal race, 69.2% of infants with White Non-Hispanic mothers, 71.4% of infants with White Hispanic mothers, 61.2% of infants with White (ethnicity unknown) mothers, and 61.8% of infants with Black Non-Hispanic mothers, enrolled in Part C EI after diagnosed with hearing loss. In addition, 61.7% of infants with Asian mothers, 58.8% of infants with mothers who are Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 42.5% of infants with mothers who are American Indian or Alaskan Native and 67.7% of infants with mothers who were reported as Other race, enrolled in Part C EI services after diagnosed with hearing loss.

N/A: Not applicable – The number of infants reported is too small to draw any conclusions about this maternal race group.

Data reported by 34 out of 56 jurisdictions that responded to the HSFS in 2016 includes American Samoa, AZ, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, CT, DE, FL, GA, Guam, HI, IA, KS, LA, ME, Marshall Islands, MA, MS, MT, NE, NV, NH, NJ, NY, NC, OH, OR, RI, SC, SD, TN, UT, VT, VA, WI, WY.

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