2016 Demographics: Diagnostic Testing

May 2018

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Source: 2016 CDC Hearing Screening and Follow-up Survey (HSFS)*

*Each jurisdiction’s submitted data underwent a cleaning and error check process. Jurisdictions reporting ≥20% of total infants receiving diagnostic testing in the “unknown” category, for each demographic variable, were excluded from this analysis.

ǂPercentage of infants receiving diagnostic testing for each category is calculated among the total number of infants not passing hearing screening (i.e. % Males Receiving Diagnostic Testing After Not Passing Hearing Screening = (( # Total with No Hearing Loss:Male + Total with Permanent Hearing Loss:Male) / # Total Not Pass Screening:Male ) * 100 ). Test for significant difference between percentages was calculated using Pearson’s chi-square test where α = 0.05 (Software: SAS 9.4, Cary, NC).

Percentage of Infants Receiving Diagnostic Testing After Not Passing Hearing Screening, in 2016ǂ: by Gender
Among 52 out of 56 jurisdictions that reported diagnostic demographic data on infant gender, 57.9% of male infants and 58.4% of female infants received diagnostic testing after not passing their hearing screening.

Data reported by 52 out of 56 jurisdictions that responded to the HSFS in 2016: includes AL, AK, American Samoa, AZ, AR, CA, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, CT, DE, District of Columbia, GA, Guam, HI, ID, IN, IA, KS, KY, LA, ME, Marshall Islands, MD, MA, MI, Micronesia, MS, MO, MT, NE, NV, NH, NJ, NM, NY, NC, ND, OH, OK, OR, PR, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VT, VA, WA, WV, WI, WY.

Percentage of Infants Receiving Diagnostic Testing After Not Passing Hearing Screening, in 2016ǂ: by Maternal Age
Among the 41 out of 56 jurisdictions that reported diagnostic demographic data on maternal age, 17.6% of infants with mothers less than 15 years of age, 55.6% of infants with mothers 15 to 19 years of age, 59.6% of infants with mothers 20 to 24 years of age, 67.5% of infants with mothers 25 to 34 years of age, 69.2% of infants with mothers 35 to 50 years of age, and 52.0% of infants with mothers 51 years or older, were screened.

Data reported by 41 out of 56 jurisdictions that responded to the HSFS in 2016: includes AK, American Samoa, AZ, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, CT, DE, GA, HI, ID, IN, IA, KS, KY, LA, ME, Marshall Islands, MA, MI, MS, MT, NE, NV, NH, NJ, NM, NY, NC, OH, OK, OR, RI, SC, SD, TN, UT, VT, VA, WV, WI, WY.

Percentage of Infants Receiving Diagnostic Testing After Not Passing Hearing Screening, in 2016ǂ: by Maternal Education
Among the 33 out of 56 jurisdictions that reported diagnostic demographic data on maternal education, 52.9% of infants with mothers who have less than a high school education, 61.8% of infants with mothers who have a high school diploma or GED, 70.5% of infants with mothers who have some college or an associate degree and 80.1% of infants with mothers who have a college degree or more received diagnostic testing after not passing their hearing screening.

Data reported by 33 out of 56 jurisdictions that responded to the HSFS in 2016: includes AS, AZ, AR, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, GA, HI, IN, KS, LA, Marshall Islands, MA, MI, MO, MT, NE, NV, NH, NJ, NM, NC, OH, OR, PR, RI, SC, SD, TN, UT, VT, VA, WV, WI, WY.

Percentage of Infants Receiving Diagnostic Testing After Not Passing Hearing Screening, in 2016ǂ: by Maternal Ethnicity
Among the 37 out of 56 jurisdictions that reported diagnostic demographic data on maternal ethnicity, 57.0% of infants with Hispanic mothers and 66.4% of infants with Non-Hispanic mothers received diagnostic testing after not passing their hearing screening.

Data reported by 37 out of 56 jurisdictions that responded to the HSFS in 2016: includes American Samoa, AZ, AR, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, CT, GA, Guam, HI, IN, IA, KS, LA, MA, MI, Micronesia, MO, MT, NE, NV, NH, NJ, NM, NY, NC, OH, OR, PR, RI, SC, SD, TN, UT, VA, WV, WI, WY.

Percentage of Infants Receiving Diagnostic Testing After Not Passing Hearing Screening, in 2016ǂ: by Maternal Race
Among the 41 out of 56 jurisdictions that reported diagnostic demographic data on maternal race, 66.5% of infants with White Non-Hispanic mothers, 75.3% of infants with White Hispanic mothers, 59.4% of infants with White (ethnicity unknown) mothers, 55.1% of infants with Black Non-Hispanic mothers, 70.2% of infants with Black Hispanic mothers, and 51.6% of infants with Black (ethnicity unknown) mothers, received diagnostic testing after not passing their hearing screening. In addition, 69.4% of infants with Asian mothers, 44.5% of infants with mothers who are Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 31.6% of infants with mothers who are American Indian or Alaskan Native and 59.5% of infants with mothers who were reported as Other race, received diagnostic testing after not passing their hearing screening.

Data reported by 41 out of 56 jurisdictions that responded to the HSFS in 2016: includes American Samoa, AZ, AR, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, CT, DE, GA, Guam, HI, IL, IN, IA, KS, LA, ME, Marshall Islands, MA, MI, Micronesia, MS, MO, MT, NE, NV, NH, NJ, NM, NY, NC, OH, OR, RI, SC, SD, TN, UT, VT, VA, WV, WI, WY.

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