Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to site content
CDC Home

Persons using assistive technology might not be able to fully access information in this file. For assistance, please send e-mail to: Type 508 Accommodation and the title of the report in the subject line of e-mail.

World Hepatitis Day — July 28, 2012

July 28, 2012, marks the second annual World Hepatitis Day, established in 2010 by the World Health Organization (WHO). Viral hepatitis is a largely silent epidemic; however, it is the leading cause of liver cancer and cirrhosis around the world. Approximately 500 million persons are living with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection; most are unaware of their infections, which contribute to nearly 1 million deaths annually (1).

In 2012, WHO established a global hepatitis program and developed a framework for the prevention and control of viral hepatitis that promotes a comprehensive approach with four strategic components: 1) awareness and advocacy; 2) data for decision making; 3) prevention of transmission; and 4) access to screening, care, and treatment.

This issue of MMWR includes a report from Egypt, which has the largest burden of HCV infection in the world. Much of the burden can be attributed to ongoing health-care–associated transmission. Through implementing an infection control program and providing subsidized care and treatment, major improvements in infection control were achieved, and nearly 190,000 persons received treatment otherwise not available. Despite these efforts, Egypt continues to have a large and growing hepatitis C epidemic and would benefit from a comprehensive viral hepatitis control program that includes raising community awareness, ensuring a safe blood supply, and establishing a viral hepatitis surveillance system.

Additional information about World Hepatitis Day is available at


  1. Hu DJ, Bower WA, Ward JW. Viral hepatitis. In: Morse S, Moreland AA, Holmes KK, eds. Atlas of sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS. London, England: Elsevier; 2010:203–29.

Use of trade names and commercial sources is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

References to non-CDC sites on the Internet are provided as a service to MMWR readers and do not constitute or imply endorsement of these organizations or their programs by CDC or the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. CDC is not responsible for the content of pages found at these sites. URL addresses listed in MMWR were current as of the date of publication.

All MMWR HTML versions of articles are electronic conversions from typeset documents. This conversion might result in character translation or format errors in the HTML version. Users are referred to the electronic PDF version ( and/or the original MMWR paper copy for printable versions of official text, figures, and tables. An original paper copy of this issue can be obtained from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO), Washington, DC 20402-9371; telephone: (202) 512-1800. Contact GPO for current prices.

**Questions or messages regarding errors in formatting should be addressed to The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Road Atlanta, GA 30329-4027, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO
A-Z Index
  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D
  5. E
  6. F
  7. G
  8. H
  9. I
  10. J
  11. K
  12. L
  13. M
  14. N
  15. O
  16. P
  17. Q
  18. R
  19. S
  20. T
  21. U
  22. V
  23. W
  24. X
  25. Y
  26. Z
  27. #