Health Disparities in HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STDs, and Tuberculosis

Key points

  • A health disparity is the occurrence of diseases at greater levels among certain population groups more than among others.
  • Differences in health disparities may occur by gender, race or ethnicity, education, income, disability, geographic location and sexual orientation.
  • Social determinants of health like poverty, unequal access to health care, lack of education, stigma, and racism are linked to health disparities.
Multi-race hand holding

Who's affected

What CDC is doing to reduce health disparities

CDC is developing future priorities and identifying best practices for addressing societal factors that increase risk for HIV, viral hepatitis, STDs and tuberculosis. The goal of these efforts is to help reduce health disparities and promote health equity. For more information, visit NCHHSTP's Social Determinants of Health website.


Minority health links

Women’s health links

Health disparities

Populations at risk