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Content on this page was developed during the 2009-2010 H1N1 pandemic and has not been updated.

  • The H1N1 virus that caused that pandemic is now a regular human flu virus and continues to circulate seasonally worldwide.
  • The English language content on this website is being archived for historic and reference purposes only.
  • For current, updated information on seasonal flu, including information about H1N1, see the CDC Seasonal Flu website.

2009 H1N1 Flu: International Situation Update

July 26, 2010, 1:00 PM ET

This report provides an update to the international flu situation using data collected through July 18, 2010, and reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) on July 23.

WHO continues to report laboratory-confirmed 2009 H1N1 flu deathsExternal Web Site Icon on its Web page. These fatal cases are an under-representation of the actual numbers, as many deaths are never tested or recognized as flu related.

In the Southern Hemisphere, respiratory disease activity has increased recently in some countries, including South Africa, New Zealand, and Australia.  In the Northern Hemisphere, influenza detections have been limited.

Reports of respiratory disease have increased in South Africa in the last month, and most influenza-positive samples have been either seasonal B or A (H3N2) viruses.  Similar increases have occurred in Australia, where 2009 H1N1 is the predominant virus strain.  Chile has seen increases in respiratory activity in recent weeks, predominantly the result of respiratory syncytial virus.  Influenza like illness (ILI) activity has increased in New Zealand in recent weeks, though activity is below the levels seen in 2008 and 2009.

Influenza-like illness has increased in recent weeks in Singapore with co-circulating 2009 H1N1 and seasonal A (H3N2) and B viruses detected.  ILI activity has also increased in Cambodia.  Influenza detections continue to occur in Africa, with 2009 H1N1 predominant in Ghana and seasonal B predominant in Cameroon.

Selected Highlights

  • According to WHO, the majority of 2009 H1N1 virus isolates tested worldwide remains sensitive to oseltamivir, an antiviral medicine used to treat flu. Among 2009 H1N1 isolates tested worldwide, 302 have been found to be resistant to oseltamivir as of July 21st.  Approximately 1% of U.S. 2009 H1N1 viruses tested by CDC since September 1, 2009, have been resistant to oseltamivir.
  • The proportion of influenza viruses positive for seasonal B has decreased in China recently, from 56.9% of all influenza detections last week to 46.8 this week.
  • On February 18, 2010, WHO published recommendations for the following viruses to be used for influenza vaccines in the 2010-2011 influenza season of the Northern Hemisphere:
    • an A/California/7/2009 (H1N1)-like virus;
    • an A/Perth/16/2009 (H3N2)-like virus*;
    • a B/Brisbane/60/2008-like virus.

    * A/Wisconsin/15/2009 is an A/Perth/16/2009 (H3N2)-like virus and is a 2010 Southern Hemisphere vaccine virus.

Health Organizations

World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Offices

Travel and 2009 H1N1 Flu

Human cases of 2009 H1N1 flu virus infection have been identified in the United States and several countries around the world. For information on 2009 H1N1 flu and travel, see the CDC H1N1 Flu and Travel website.

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