Asthma Control Program Highlights
Meeting the Healthy People 2010 and Healthy People 2020 goals and objectives means knowing the scale of the problem and supporting programs to help manage it. Highlights of the program include:
Surveillance is collecting and analyzing data continually to understand when, where, and among whom asthma occurs. This information is used to plan, target, implement, and evaluate interventions.
CDC developed and tested a National Asthma Survey (NAS) which was piloted in four states and a national sample in 2003. In 2005, CDC implemented this asthma data collection effort as a call-back survey subsequent to the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (BRFSS) in three states. By 2009, participation in the Asthma Call-back Survey (ACBS) had expanded to 35 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. In 2010, 40 states will use the ACBS to collect data. The survey asks questions about the health and experiences of persons with asthma and provides detailed state and local data. Before CDC initiated the NAS and ACBS, none of this information was available at the state level. The ACBS data are used by the states to track Healthy People goals, evaluate programs, and plan future activities at the state level. These data will be used to direct policy and evaluate effectiveness of state programs.
CDC’s asthma program funds the following data and systems:
- state-level adult asthma prevalence rates for detailed subgroups in 50 states, 3 territories (Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Virgin Islands), and the District of Columbia, through the BRFSS; and
- national-level data on asthma attacks, asthma management, days of work or school lost, emergency room visits, and hospitalizations due to asthma through the National Health Interview Survey.
For more information on collected asthma data, visit http://www.cdc.gov/asthma/asthmadata.htm.
Together, CDC’s asthma program and its many partners make up the public health response to asthma. That response is a complex web of national, state, and local activities and partnerships. Through funding and technical guidance, CDC provides critical support to state health departments to ensure that asthma control and management programs are available to those in need. CDC’s work in supporting state health departments and partners includes:
- Funding for health departments in 34 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico to conduct asthma surveillance, maintain and expand partnerships, implement statewide comprehensive asthma plans with their partners, implement interventions to reduce the burden of asthma, and develop and implement an evaluation plan.
CDC also funds the state health departments in California, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island and Washington to conduct in-depth surveillance projects (three of them using Medicaid data), disparities assessments, and interventions, implementation and evaluation. A complete list of program grantees and their activities is available at http://www.cdc.gov/asthma/contacts/default.htm.
- In partnership with the Environmental Protection Agency, CDC presented a series of Webinars on program evaluation, based on the CDC Framework for Program Evaluation in Public Health, to guide asthma programs through the essential elements of program evaluation.
- CDC collaborates with such non-government organizations as the Allergy and Asthma Network/Mothers of Asthmatics, American Lung Association, and Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America. Effective asthma tools and programs developed by these organizations are now being implemented by CDC grantees—including large hospital systems, urban hospitals, city health departments, school systems, and local chapters of national asthma organizations.
Scientifically Proven Interventions
CDC ensures that scientific information is translated into public health practices and programs to reduce the burden of asthma. CDC has partnered with organizations on the following activities:
- CDC and the Task Force on Community Preventive Services conducted systematic reviews of the effectiveness of commonly implemented community-based asthma interventions, including home-based multi-trigger, multi-component environmental interventions, in improving asthma-related morbidity. CDC is working with state and local asthma control programs to implement this recommendation and evaluate its impact.
- CDC provided guidance and leadership to produce the Guidelines Implementation Panel Report for Expert Panel Report 3 – Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma. The report presents recommendations and strategies for overcoming barriers in accepting and using its six key messages for diagnosing and management asthma. These messages address those issues considered to be the most likely ones to result in significant impact on asthma care processes and outcomes if the broader asthma community were to focus its attention and resources on them.
Public Health Research
CDC conducts basic research to help target asthma control efforts and provide technical support for research activities, in collaboration with partners in state, local, and private health care- delivery settings.
The specific areas of investigation include
- asthma in the elderly;
- complementary and alternative medicines use among people with asthma;
- influenza immunization rates among people with asthma;
- urban-rural disparities in asthma prevalence;
- factors related to adult-onset asthma;
- asthma and severe psychological distress; and
- racial and ethnic disparities among persons with asthma.
Communication and Education
CDC provides ongoing asthma training and educational activities and resources for state programs and other partners. The agency hosts periodic national meetings and monthly Webinars that give attendees opportunities to learn, discuss asthma activities and issues, and share lessons learned.
The program also works with partners to produce and disseminate training materials, such as Asthma: A Presentation on Asthma Management and Prevention and National Asthma Training Curriculum to increase the skills and knowledge of the public health workforce.