Asthma Control Program Highlights
A complete list of program grantees and their activities is available at www.cdc.gov/asthma/contacts/. The following activities are highlights of the program.
Tracking is the ongoing collection and analysis of data to understand the "who, what, and where" of asthma. This information is used to plan, target, implement, and evaluate interventions. CDC funds several tracking efforts, including:
Characterizing childhood asthma
CDC is funding the Bureau of Labor Statistics to collect data on social, environmental, and medical aspects of asthma among approximately 10,000 children through the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth.
National Asthma Survey
To provide in-depth state and local data to support various programs and policy needs, CDC developed and tested an asthma survey module in four states (Alabama, California, Illinois, and Texas) and is analyzing the data. New York implemented the survey independently in 2003, and Minnesota, Michigan, and Oregon implemented it as a call-back survey in conjunction with BRFSS in 2005. In 2006, 25 states conducted the call-back survey, and 35 states are conducting the survey in 2007.
Population-based models to establish surveillance for asthma incidence in defined geographic areas
To better estimate asthma incidence rates, CDC is funding the Kaiser Foundation Research Institute (Portland, Oregon) to develop models for identifying new asthma cases.
The program works both on the national level (with the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute) and with funded partners to ensure that scientific information is translated into public health practices and programs to reduce the burden of asthma. It also works with the Task Force on Community Preventive Services to conduct systematic reviews of the effectiveness of commonly implemented community-based asthma interventions.
Controlling Asthma in American Cities
To decrease the burden of asthma among children in inner city populations, CDC has established collaborative agreements with seven communities (Chicago, New York City, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Oakland (CA), Philadelphia, Richmond (VA), and St. Louis). Each of the sites works through community-based coalitions to implement and coordinate multiple, complementary interventions for children with asthma in populations of need.
Enabling the nation's schools to prevent asthma attacks and absences
CDC is funding seven urban school districts (Albuquerque, Baltimore, Charlotte, Detroit, Los Angeles, Memphis, and Philadelphia) and one state education agency (Oregon) to implement strategies to reduce asthma-related illnesses and absences. CDC also is funding two national non-government organizations (the American Lung Association and the American Association of School Administrators) to build the capacity of state and local health and education agencies to support and address school-based asthma management activities. "Strategies for Addressing Asthma Within a Coordinated School Health Program" is a web-based, CDC–developed guidance document that offers concrete suggestions for schools working to improve the health and school attendance of students with asthma. For updates on school-related asthma activities and resources, go to http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/asthma.
Asthma control requires a coordinated response among many parts of a community, including the medical, educational, and business sectors. The program supports partnerships for developing, implementing, and evaluating local asthma programs.
Addressing asthma from a public health perspective
CDC is funding two state health departments (Massachusetts and North Carolina) to develop asthma surveillance systems, partnerships, and state asthma plans. CDC also is funding 31 state health departments (CA, CO, CT, GA, HI, ID, IL, IN, IA, ME, MD, MI, MS, MN, MO, NH, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, TX, UT, VT, VA, WA, WV, WI), and the health departments of the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico to implement their state comprehensive asthma control plans.
Examples of CDC's National Asthma Control Partners
- Allergy and Asthma Network/Mothers of Asthmatics
- American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
- American Association of School Administrators
- American Lung Association
- Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America
- National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
- National Institute of Allergy & Infectious Diseases
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Public Health Research
CDC is conducting basic research to help target asthma control efforts. CDC is funding (1) Kaiser Permanente of Oregon to conduct a study of HMO members to identify risk factors for onset of adult asthma related to worksites, homes, and hobbies; (2) Mexico’s National Institute for Public Health to define the effect of diesel and particulate matter exposure on the health of asthmatic children; and (3) China's Peking University Health Science Center in a collaborative project to develop surveillance for and studies of incident asthma in children aged 0–7 years to improve understanding of its causes.
CDC provides ongoing asthma training and educational activities and resources for state programs and other partners. CDC hosts periodic national meetings that give attendees opportunities to learn and to discuss asthma activities and issues. Funded state programs and CDC also share lessons learned through teleconference educational seminars. In addition, CDC works with partners to produce and disseminate training materials, such as the Asthma Speakers Kit for Health Care Professionals and the National Asthma Training Curriculum to increase the skills and knowledge of the public health workforce. Training efforts funded by CDC include:
- CDC and the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) collaborated on a special issue of the Journal of School Health, "Managing Asthma in Schools–What Have We Learned?" (August 2006). This innovative publication features more than 25 research articles, brief reports, and case studies that cover a range of activities, such as asthma education programs for students and staff members, asthma-related health services, and policy changes. CDC and NHLBI co-authored the conclusion, which highlights five key lessons for successful school-based asthma programs that emerged from the research and case study findings.
- CDC provided technical assistance to the Albuquerque Public Schools to design an evaluation of their asthma program through a contract with ORC Macro. Data collection and analysis will begin in 2007.
- CDC's School Health Index: A Self-Assessment and Planning Guide now includes asthma content. This tool enables schools to identify the strengths and weaknesses of health promotion policies and programs and assists schools in developing an action plan for improving the school environment to promote health.
- Through a cooperative agreement with CDC, the American Lung Association has produced and disseminated the Asthma- Friendly Schools Toolkit, which provides guidance and tools to support implementation of CDC’s Strategies for Addressing Asthma Within a Coordinated School Health Program.