Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

Testing in Puerto Rico

Insecticide Resistance Testing in Puerto Rico

Beginning in February of 2016, CDC entomologists located at the Dengue Branch carried out Bottle Bioassays tests to determine the presence of insecticide resistance of Aedes aegypti to the most commonly used EPA-approved insecticides for mosquito control. CDC entomologists collected mosquitoes from many locations throughout Puerto Rico and brought them to the laboratory. Bioassay testing was performed in the laboratory with technical grade chemicals and all organisms used were discarded in the laboratory waste at the Dengue Branch.

Results from testing show that the mosquitoes collected from 38 locations in 23 of the 78 municipalities in Puerto Rico are either resistant or partially resistant to many insecticides tested. Resistance has been observed in permethrin and malathion, two commonly used insecticides in Puerto Rico.

Results are presented below as maps showing whether Aedes aegypti were susceptible, partially resistant, or resistant to specific insecticides from the municipalities shown.

Alpha-Cypermethrin

	•	Map of insecticide resistance to Alpha-Cypermethrin  in Puerto Rico.

Bendiocarb

	Map of insecticide resistance to Bendiocarb in Puerto Rico.

Bifenthrin

	•	Map of insecticide resistance to Bifenthrin in Puerto Rico.

Deltamethrin

	•	Map of insecticide resistance to Deltamethrin in Puerto Rico.

Etofenprox

	•	Map of insecticide resistance to Etofenprox in Puerto Rico.

Lambda-cyhalothrin

	•	Map of insecticide resistance to Lambda-cyhalothrin in Puerto Rico.

Malathion

	•	Map of insecticide resistance to Malathion in Puerto Rico.

Naled

	•	Map of insecticide resistance to Naled in Puerto Rico.

Permethrin

	•	Map of insecticide resistance to Permethrin in Puerto Rico.

Phenothrin

	•	Map of insecticide resistance to Phenothrin in Puerto Rico.

Tetramethrin

	Map of Puerto Rico showing municipalities in Puerto Rico where mosquitoes are resistant to tetramethrin.  Those municipalities are: Carolina, Canovanas, Humacao, and Humacao

Top