Indiana Uses Science to Reduce Exposure to Secondhand Smoke
The Indiana State Department of Health’s tobacco control program has worked hard to reduce tobacco product use and secondhand smoke exposure among Indiana citizens. Like the tulip tree—the official state tree of Indiana—the tobacco control program has deep roots. The program’s team of 10 staff members has more than 80 combined years of tobacco control experience and are committed to using science and following best practices to improve the health of Indiana residents, also known as “Hoosiers.” This work has led to fewer Hoosiers using tobacco products and resulted in local, comprehensive smoke-free policies covering nearly 1 in 3 Indiana residents. Despite the best efforts of the tobacco control program, a majority of Hoosiers live in communities without comprehensive smoke-free policies and still are exposed to secondhand smoke in public places and their workplaces.1 Also, 1 in 4 Indiana middle and high school students still are exposed to secondhand smoke at home.2
Changing What Hoosiers Think About Tobacco Products
Secondhand smoke causes more than 1,300 deaths in Indiana each year. It also costs the state $2.1 billion in medical expenses and premature death each year.3 The tobacco control program staff discovered a major barrier to reducing secondhand smoke exposure in Indiana: many Hoosiers believed smoking was routine or acceptable. They did not fully understand the harms of tobacco use and they did not know that no level of exposure to secondhand smoke is safe.
The tobacco control program and its partners looked at ways to change how Hoosiers think about tobacco products and at how to educate them about the health and financial benefits of reducing tobacco use in Indiana.
The Importance of Partnerships
Together, the partners recognized that a number of different approaches could help change residents’ attitudes and behavior, and protect people from dangerous secondhand smoke in Indiana. These included:
- Giving resources to communities and businesses wanting to protect their residents, employees, and customers from secondhand smoke.
- Helping tobacco users quit using tobacco products.
- Preventing young people in Indiana from ever starting to use tobacco products.
- Working more closely with groups of people who are at higher risk of using tobacco products than the general population.
Giving Hoosiers the Facts
The tobacco control program prepared fact sheets about each county to help people better understand how secondhand smoke affects their communities. The fact sheets provide scientific evidence and county-specific data, including: the percentage of adults in the county who smoke; the number of deaths in the county caused by tobacco use and secondhand smoke exposure; total cost to the county due to the effects of secondhand smoke; and any smoke-free laws or voluntary smoke-free policies that are in place in the county.4
So far, 22 cities and counties in Indiana have adopted comprehensive smoke-free policies, meaning 31% of all Hoosiers are now protected from secondhand smoke.5 The program and its partners also helped these communities with their communication strategies, which made it easier for communities to implement their policies.
Partnering with Counter Toolsexternal icon, the tobacco control program trained community organizations and organizations who serve minority groups to study tobacco product availability and advertising inside stores where tobacco products are sold. The tobacco industry spends nearly $297 million per year marketing its products in Indiana, and spends most of that money on in-store marketing.1 This marketing makes it more likely that children and teens will start using tobacco products. The industry also targets communities that have higher proportions of tobacco use.6
Fewer Smokers Means Less Secondhand Smoke
People are not exposed to as much secondhand smoke when more people quit smoking. Indiana already has a tobacco Quitlineexternal icon, but the tobacco control program added new resources to support people with mental health or substance use disorders in trying to quit. The program also wanted to help employers support employees who want to quit through worksite wellness programs. It developed resources for local partners to educate nearly 1,500 Indiana employers who enrolled in a program to learn more. The business owners learned about the health benefits of referring employees to the Quitline, paying for other services to help employees quit using tobacco products, and adopting smoke-free policies to support employees who are trying to quit.
CDC’s funding of Indiana’s tobacco control program staff and its educational and cessation activities has been an important part of Indiana’s success in putting CDC-recommended tobacco control strategies into practice. Hoosiers now better understand the issues related to tobacco use and secondhand smoke exposure. This has changed their attitudes about the acceptability of tobacco use, prompted their communities to protect their citizens from secondhand smoke, and reduced the harms caused by tobacco use.
- Indiana State Department of Health. Indiana State Department of Health Tobacco Prevention and Cessation Commission State Fiscal Year 2018 Annual Report [PDF—10 MB]pdf iconexternal icon. Indianapolis, IN: Indiana State Department of Health; 2018.
- Indiana State Department of Health Tobacco Prevention and Cessation Commission. Youth Exposure to Secondhand Smoke [PDF—390 KB]pdf iconexternal icon. 2017.
- Lewis CK, Zollinger T. Estimating the Economic Impact of Secondhand Smoke in Indiana in 2014 [PDF—193 KB]external icon. 2014.
- Indiana State Department of Health. Local Community-Based & Minority-Based Partnersexternal icon. Accessed June 4, 2019.
- Indiana State Department of Health. Smoke-free Air Laws in Indianaexternal icon. 2018.
- US Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking—50 Years of Progress. A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: US Dept of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2014. Printed with corrections, January 2014.