Emergency Department Surveillance of Nonfatal Suicide-Related Outcomes

Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death in the United States. In 2019, over 47,500 lives were lost to suicide.1 Additionally, every year, millions of Americans seriously think about suicide, make a plan for suicide, or attempt suicide.2

CDC is using new and existing data to better understand, monitor, and prevent suicide and suicidal behavior.

CDC funds the Emergency Department Surveillance of Nonfatal Suicide-Related Outcomes (ED-SNSRO) cooperative agreement to help states increase the timeliness of surveillance of nonfatal suicide-related outcomes. Collecting near real-time data on nonfatal suicide-related outcomes—such as suicidal ideation and suicide attempts —can help states rapidly track and respond to changing patterns in suicidal behavior.

ED-SNSRO supports 10 states:

  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • New York
  • Ohio
  • Oregon
  • Rhode Island
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • Washington
  • West Virginia

States use ED-SNSRO funding to:

  • Increase the timeliness of reporting nonfatal suicide-related outcomes, and
  • Disseminate surveillance findings to key stakeholders working to prevent or respond to suicide and nonfatal suicidal behaviors.

What is syndromic surveillance?

Syndromic surveillance provides public health officials with a timely system for detecting, understanding, and monitoring health events. By tracking symptoms of patients in emergency departments—before a diagnosis is confirmed—public health can detect unusual levels of illness to determine whether a response is warranted.

Read more about CDC’s National Syndromic Surveillance Program (NSSP).

Visit CDC’s Suicide Prevention webpage to find out more about what CDC is doing to prevent suicide.

  1. Kochanek KD, Xu JQ, Arias E. Mortality in the United States, 2019. NCHS Data Brief, no 395. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2020. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db395-H.pdf pdf icon[PDF – 462 KB]
  2. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Key substance use and mental health indicators in the United States: Results from the 2019 National Survey on Drug Use and Health(HHS Publication No. PEP20-07-01-001, NSDUH Series H-55). Rockville, MD: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2020. Retrieved from https://www.samhsa.gov/data/external icon