Prevention Strategies

A comprehensive public health approach to suicide prevention can decrease risk.

Suicide is a serious public health problem that can have long-lasting effects on individuals, families, and communities. The good news is that suicide is preventable. Preventing suicide requires strategies at all levels of society. This includes prevention and protective strategies for individuals, families, and communities. Everyone can help prevent suicide by learning the warning signs, promoting prevention and resilience, and a committing to social change.

CDC’s Preventing Suicide: A Technical Package of Policies, Programs, and Practices pdf icon[PDF – 6 MB] highlights strategies based on the best available evidence to help states and communities prevent suicide. The strategies and their corresponding approaches are listed in the table below.

Preventing Suicide

Preventing Suicide

Strategy

Approach

 Strengthen economic supports
  • Strengthen household financial security
  • Housing stabilization policies
 Strengthen access and delivery of suicide care
  • Coverage of mental health conditions in health insurance policies
  • Reduce provider shortages in under-served areas
  • Safer suicide care through systems change
 Create protective environments
  • Reduce access to lethal means among persons at risk of suicide
  • Organizational policies and culture
  • Community-based policies to reduce excessive alcohol use
 Promote connectedness
  • Peer norm programs
  • Community engagement activities
 Teach coping and problem-solving skills
  • Social-emotional learning programs
  • Parenting skill and family relationship programs
 Identify and support people at risk
  • Gatekeeper training
  • Crisis intervention
  • Treatment for people at risk of suicide
  • Treatment to prevent re-attempts
 Lessen harms and prevent future risk
  • Postvention
  • Safe reporting and messaging about suicide

See Suicide Prevention Resources for articles and publications about prevention strategies for suicide.

Need help? Know someone who does?
NSPL Logo

Contact the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline

Both are free and confidential. You’ll be connected to a skilled, trained counselor in your area.

For more information, visit the National Suicide Prevention Lifelineexternal icon.

You can also connect 24/7 to a crisis counselor by texting the Crisis Text Line.external icon Text HOME to 741741.