Table 17. Primary and Secondary Syphilis—Reported Cases* and Rates of Reported Cases Among Gay, Bisexual, and Other Men Who Have Sex with Men by State in Alphabetical Order, United States, 2016-2020

Table 17. Primary and Secondary Syphilis—Reported Cases* and Rates of Reported Cases Among Gay, Bisexual, and Other Men Who Have Sex with Men by State in Alphabetical Order, United States, 2016-2020
State/Territory
Cases
Rates per 100,000 Population
2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Alabama ND ND ND ND 173 399.7
Alaska 7 9 42 28 20 78.5 110.3 510.8 340.5 243.2
Arizona 465 539 555 612 653 416.6 476.1 487.3 537.4 573.4
Arkansas 68 94 121 114 81 341.8 478.7 603.2 568.3 403.8
California 3,240 3,773 3,855 3,902 3,355 440.9 509.9 516.1 522.4 449.2
Colorado 175 197 213 279 321 155.4 170.6 182.1 238.5 274.4
Connecticut 72 70 55 ND 132 224.5 217.9 171.7 412.0
Delaware ND ND ND ND ND
District of Columbia 101 ND ND ND 147 214.4 300.8
Florida 1,440 1,315 1,478 1,411 1,531 343.1 310.8 342.9 327.4 355.2
Georgia ND ND ND ND ND
Hawaii 68 66 ND 56 ND 315.5 285.9 277.8
Idaho 22 ND 24 ND ND 132.1 132.9
Illinois 750 794 962 ND ND 336.5 356.5 419.6
Indiana 217 229 253 167 231 294.4 309.6 343.4 226.7 313.5
Iowa 59 68 59 68 87 362.9 428.1 345.5 398.2 509.5
Kansas 76 78 85 82 65 390.2 368.6 395.1 381.2 302.2
Kentucky 132 145 160 130 114 255.6 282.6 315.8 256.6 225.0
Louisiana 348 326 327 294 278 679.7 619.6 632.3 568.5 537.5
Maine 24 ND ND ND 22 185.9 182.0
Maryland 290 363 411 447 420 330.2 421.7 484.8 527.3 495.4
Massachusetts 348 426 355 415 405 484.3 593.9 473.9 554.0 540.7
Michigan 267 323 403 357 395 229.0 279.1 343.0 303.9 336.2
Minnesota 196 203 173 ND ND 234.7 245.8 215.3
Mississippi 181 148 164 185 175 968.5 868.4 950.0 1,071.7 1,013.7
Missouri 233 243 342 321 ND 313.5 321.3 453.5 425.6
Montana 9 ND 25 20 ND 78.5 250.2 200.1
Nebraska ND ND ND ND ND
Nevada 296 359 328 381 361 658.2 748.6 639.6 742.9 703.9
New Hampshire 29 29 45 22 27 264.9 258.8 400.6 195.9 240.4
New Jersey ND ND 337 365 371 402.1 435.6 442.7
New Mexico 120 121 153 144 ND 414.5 417.5 527.6 496.6
New York ND 1,351 1,515 1,767 2,008 492.6 551.5 643.2 730.9
North Carolina 707 696 618 577 661 575.0 552.5 482.8 450.7 516.4
North Dakota 21 28 9 10 9 503.8 646.7 212.7 236.4 212.7
Ohio 424 523 426 401 418 267.2 326.3 268.8 253.1 263.8
Oklahoma 158 195 196 238 186 367.6 442.3 443.8 538.9 421.1
Oregon 207 182 204 181 207 269.2 230.1 248.0 220.0 251.6
Pennsylvania 469 502 506 552 593 391.5 413.5 421.4 459.8 493.9
Rhode Island ND ND 60 68 ND 365.9 414.6
South Carolina 172 201 203 205 207 465.9 534.3 520.1 525.3 530.4
South Dakota 15 21 15 17 8 367.7 533.3 388.7 440.5 207.3
Tennessee ND 321 336 333 378 357.8 372.9 369.6 419.5
Texas 1,289 1,416 ND 992 994 264.4 282.1 193.9 194.3
Utah 71 90 122 105 87 230.0 273.2 362.4 311.9 258.4
Vermont 12 9 ND ND ND 197.9 163.3
Virginia 284 316 428 377 398 225.3 253.6 345.0 303.9 320.8
Washington 405 468 515 485 ND 296.2 340.6 367.6 346.2
West Virginia 22 23 23 25 28 151.5 149.1 158.8 172.7 193.4
Wisconsin ND ND ND ND 208 360.8
Wyoming ND 3 10 ND 3 55.6 220.1 66.0
* Cases are not displayed if the variable used to identify sex of sex partners is complete for <70% of male cases.

ND = Not displayed.

NOTE: Rates per 100,000 population are calculated based on population estimates of MSM. The COVID-19 pandemic has introduced uncertainty and difficulty in interpreting 2020 case data. See Impact of COVID-19 on STDs for more information.

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