Emergency Response Activities for Infectious Diseases

CDC’s Division of Reproductive health has provided domestic and global public health response support to emerging or pandemic diseases, such as the Zika and Ebola outbreaks. Some major accomplishments are discussed below.

In collaboration with other CDC subject matter experts, programs and partners, such as CDC Foundation and Puerto Rico Department of Health, the Division of Reproductive Health (DRH) did the following:

  • Established surveillance systems to collect information on all pregnant women infected with Zika virus in the United States.
  • Partnered with Puerto Rico Department of Health to implement the Zika Postpartum Emergency Response Surveys.
  • Used the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) to implement, analyze and disseminate findings from four surveys Contraceptive Assessment in Puerto Rico during Zika (CAPRZ)—–2016, BRFSS Family Planning Module—2016 Early Start, Zika Call Back Survey in Puerto Rico—2017, and Reproductive Health Call Back Survey in states—currently being conducted.
  • Established the Zika Contraception Access Network, and developed a toolkitExternal for increasing contraceptive access during public health emergencies.
  • Authored or co-authored over 60 publications and 100 technical presentations.

Ebola Virus Disease (EVD)
In collaboration with other CDC subject matter experts, the Division of Reproductive Health (DRH) prepared guidance documents on breastfeeding and recommendations for screening and treating pregnant women with suspected or confirmed Ebola virus. DRH also provided technical support for Rapid Ebola Preparedness visits to US hospitals preparing for possible Ebola infected obstetric cases and addressed inquiries from health care providers and the general public. Learn more about CDC’s Ebola activities and resources for different types of audiences, including clinicians and general public.

Pandemic Influenza
During the 2009 H1N1 Pandemic response, CDC’s Maternal Health Team created 9 maternal health guidance documents and addressed more than 4,600 maternal health inquiries. See a Supplement to the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (AJOG)External to learn more about lessons learned during the Pandemic H1N1 response and special considerations for pregnant women and newborns.