Public Health Systems & Best Practices

Public Health Systems & Best Practices

Protecting the public's health depends on strengthening the public health system and implementing proven strategies to improve health outcomes.

10 Essential Public Health Services
10 Essential Public Health Services

The 10 Essential Public Health Services (EPHS) describe the public health activities that all communities should undertake. On September 9, 2020, a revised EPHS framework and graphic was released. The revised EPHS is intended to bring the framework in line with current and future public health practice.

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Field Notes
Close of of hand holding a pen over a writing pad in an outdoor setting

Field Notes is a feature from CDC’s Center for State, Tribal, Local, and Territorial Support that spotlights success and innovation in state, tribal, local, and territorial health agencies.

Health Department Accreditation

In partnership with Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, CDC is supporting the implementation of a national voluntary accreditation program for state, tribal, local, and territorial health departments.

Health Agency Profiles

Public health happens at all levels of government—state, tribal, local, territorial, and federal. Comprehensive data about health agency responsibilities, organization and structure, workforce, and planning illustrate the similarities and differences in how they work to protect the public’s health.

  • State & Territorial Health Departments
  • Tribal Profiles
  • Local Health Departments
  • Laboratories
  • Community Health Centers
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Social Determinants of Health
Social Determinants of Health

Social determinants of health describe conditions in the places where people live, learn, work, and play that affect a wide range of health risks and outcomes. Differences in these conditions lead to health inequities.

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Community Health Assessment & Improvement

A community health assessment provides comprehensive information about the community’s current health status, needs, and challenges. This information can then be used to develop a community health improvement plan by justifying how and where resources should be allocated to best meet community needs.

Cross-Jurisdictional Sharing

Sharing services, resources, and functions across jurisdictional boundaries can help health departments deliver essential services more effectively.

Health Department Governance

Public health governance varies from state to state, as do the relationships between state and regional or local agencies. Explore this page to determine how agencies collaborate to protect the public’s health in your state.

Performance Management & Quality Improvement

In public health settings, performance and quality tools are being promoted and supported as an opportunity to increase the effectiveness of public health agencies, systems, and services.

Page last reviewed: September 9, 2020