Table 26. Percentage of Dentate Adults Aged 20–64 Years with Untreated Tooth Decay in Permanent Teeth

Oral Health Surveillance Report

Table 26. Prevalence of untreated tooth decay in permanent teeth (DT ≥1)a among dentate adults aged 20–64 years, by selected characteristics, United States, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999–2004 and 2011–2016

Characteristic
1999-2004
2011-2016
Change %b
%
SE
%
SE
Total
25.3
1.01
26.1
1.08
0.8
Age
20–34c
27.8
1.41
29.3
1.27
1.4
35–49
25.4
1.24
26.4*
1.40
1.0
50–64
21.9
1.29
21.5*
1.47
-0.4
Sex
Malec
28.0
1.29
28.0
1.22
0.0
Female
22.8
0.91
24.3*
1.24
1.5
Race and ethnicity
White, non-Hispanicc
20.6
1.41
22.2
1.29
1.6
Black, non-Hispanic
40.8
1.81
40.2*
2.03
-0.6
Mexican American
38.2
2.51
37.1*
1.88
-1.2
Poverty status
<100%FPL
44.3
1.96
45.3*
1.34
1.1
100%–199% FPL
39.2
1.56
37.0*
1.44
-2.2
≥200% FPLc
18.1
0.89
17.7
1.00
-0.4
Poverty status
<200% FPL
41.1
1.46
40.6*
1.24
-0.5
≥200% FPLc
18.1
0.89
17.7
1.00
-0.4
Education
<High school
44.6
1.90
46.4*
1.44
1.7
High school
32.9
1.59
37.7*
1.63
4.8*
>High schoolc
16.4
0.75
18.4
0.96
2.0
Cigarette smoking History
Current smoker
38.7
1.62
43.9*
1.75
5.2*
Former smoker
20.2
1.62
25.0*
1.41
4.8*
Never smokedc
20.4
0.89
20.1
1.14
-0.3

Note: All estimates are adjusted by age (5-year groups) to the US 2000 standard population. SE = standard error. FPL = federal poverty level; <100% FPL = poor; 100%–199% FPL = near-poor; <200% FPL = poor and near-poor combined; and ≥200% FPL = not-poor. 0.0 = zero due to rounding.

*P < 0.05 based on t-test for differences between two periods or two groups within each characteristic.

Defined as having one or more untreated decayed permanent teeth among adults with at least one permanent tooth.
Change in percentage points from 1999–2004 to 2011–2016. Positive value = increase; negative value = decrease.
Reference group for comparisons within each characteristic, 2011–2016.