Table 25. Percentage of Dentate Adults Aged 20–64 Years with Dental Caries in Permanent Teeth

Oral Health Surveillance Report

Table 25. Prevalence of dental caries in permanent teeth (DFT ≥1)a among dentate adults aged 20–64 years, by selected characteristics, United States, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999–2004 and 2011–2016

Characteristic
1999-2004
2011-2016
Change %b
%
SE
%
SE
Total
91.6
0.39
89.9
0.43
-1.8*
Age
20–34c
85.7
0.81
82.0
0.79
-3.7*
35–49
94.2
0.52
92.5*
0.66
-1.8*
50–64
95.6
0.38
96.4*
0.35
0.8
Sex
Malec
90.6
0.60
88.2
0.55
-2.4*
Female
92.6
0.48
91.5*
0.48
-1.2
Race and ethnicity
White, non-Hispanicc
93.4
0.39
91.5
0.49
-1.9*
Black, non-Hispanic
87.6
0.75
86.1*
0.93
-1.5
Mexican American
83.2
1.52
86.6*
1.11
3.4
Poverty status
<100%FPL
89.2
1.09
88.0*
0.70
-1.1
100%–199% FPL
88.9
0.96
89.3
1.03
0.4
≥200% FPLc
92.7
0.51
90.2
0.54
-2.5*
Poverty status
<200% FPL
89.0
0.84
88.8
0.71
-0.2
≥200% FPLc
92.7
0.51
90.2
0.54
-2.5*
Education
<High school
85.9
0.90
87.2*
1.03
1.3
High school
92.5
0.80
91.4*
0.55
-1.1
>High schoolc
92.8
0.43
89.9
0.45
-2.9*
Cigarette smoking history
Current smoker
91.5
0.67
91.3*
0.65
-0.2
Former smoker
92.4
0.85
90.0
0.86
-2.5*
Never smokedc
91.2
0.47
89.2
0.46
-2.0*

Note: All estimates are adjusted by age (5-year groups) to the US 2000 standard population. SE = standard error. FPL = federal poverty level; <100% FPL = poor; 100%–199% FPL = near-poor; <200% FPL = poor and near-poor combined; and ≥200% FPL = not-poor.

*P <0.05 based on t-test for differences between two periods or two groups within each characteristic.

Defined as having one or more untreated decayed or filled permanent teeth among adults with at least one permanent tooth.
Change in percentage points from 1999–2004 to 2011-2016. Positive value=increase and negative value=decrease.
c Reference group for comparisons within each characteristic, 2011–2016.