Table 15. Percentage of Adolescents Aged 12–19 Years with Untreated Tooth Decay in Permanent Teeth

Oral Health Surveillance Report

Table 15. Prevalence of untreated tooth decay in permanent teeth (DT ≥1)a among adolescents aged 12–19 years, by selected characteristics, United States, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999–2004 and 2011–2016

Characteristic
1999-2004
2011-2016
Change %b
%
SE
%
SE
Total
19.6
1.05
16.6
0.99
-3.0*
Age (years)
12-15c
16.9
0.98
12.7
0.93
-4.2*
16-19
22.2
1.45
20.4*
1.43
-1.8
Sex
Malec
19.9
1.22
17.7
1.25
12.2
Female
19.3
1.30
15.4
1.37
-3.9*
Race and ethnicity
White, non-Hispanicc
15.9
1.46
15.6
1.45
-0.3
Black, non-Hispanic
25.7
1.41
20.4*
1.88
-5.3*
Mexican American
28.6
1.54
20.8*
1.85
-7.8*
Poverty status
<100%FPL
27.2
1.99
22.7*
1.55
-4.5
100%–199% FPL
27.0
1.82
20.9*
1.76
-6.2*
≥200% FPLc
12.9
1.33
11.1
1.30
-1.7
Poverty status
<200% FPL
26.9
1.52
21.6*
1.19
-5.3*
≥200% FPLc
12.9
1.33
11.1
1.30
-1.7

Note: All estimates are adjusted by age (single years) to U.S. 2000 standard population. SE=Standard error. FPL=Federal Poverty Level. <100% FPL=Poor; 100%–199% FPL= Near poor; < 200% FPL=Poor and near poor combined; and ≥200% FPL= Not poor.

*P <0.05 based on t-test for differences between two periods or two groups within each characteristic.

Defined as having one or more untreated decayed or filled permanent teeth among adolescents with at least one permanent tooth.
Change in percentage points from 1999–2004 to 2011-2016. Positive value=increase and negative value=decrease.
c Reference group for comparisons within each characteristic, 2011–2016.