Table 14. Percentage of Adolescents Aged 12–19 Years with Dental Caries in Permanent Teeth

Oral Health Surveillance Report

Table 14. Prevalence of dental caries in permanent teeth (DMFT ≥1)a among adolescents aged 12–19 years, by selected characteristics, United States, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999–2004 and 2011–2016

Characteristic
1999-2004
2011-2016
Change %b
%
SE
%
SE
Total
59.4
0.95
56.8
1.18
-2.6
Age (years)
12-15c
50.9
1.17
47.6
1.67
-3.3
16-19
67.9
1.37
65.9*
1.45
-1.9
Sex
Malec
55.9
1.24
55.9
1.48
0.0
Female
63.1
1.26
57.7
1.51
-5.5*
Race and ethnicity
White, non-Hispanicc
57.9
1.57
54.3
1.63
-3.6
Black, non-Hispanic
55.0
1.65
57.1
2.01
2.1
Mexican American
65.0
1.44
68.9*
2.55
3.9
Poverty status
<100%FPL
65.8
1.38
64.9*
2.13
-1.0
100%–199% FPL
64.9
1.50
65.3*
1.93
0.4
≥200% FPLc
54.2
1.49
48.7
1.72
-5.5*
Poverty status
<200% FPL
65.2
0.96
65.0*
1.38
-0.2*
≥200% FPL3
54.2
1.49
48.7
1.72
-5.5*

Note: All estimates are adjusted by age (single years) to U.S. 2000 standard population. SE=Standard error. FPL=Federal Poverty Level. <100% FPL=Poor; 100%–199% FPL= Near poor;  < 200% FPL=Poor and near poor combined; and ≥200% FPL= Not poor. 0.0=Zero due to rounding.

*P <0.05 based on t-test for differences between two periods or two groups within each characteristic.

Defined as having one or more untreated decayed, missing, or filled permanent teeth among adolescents with at least one permanent tooth.
Change in percentage points from 1999–2004 to 2011-2016. Positive value=increase and negative value=decrease.
c Reference group for comparisons within each characteristic, 2011–2016.