Surveillance Program PPOP

What are our priorities?

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Surveillance Program works with partners in industry, labor, trade associations, professional organizations, government agencies, and academia. The program:

  • Expands awareness, knowledge, and use of occupational safety and health (OSH) surveillance data
  • Builds capacity for state-based OSH surveillance
  • Integrates OSH variables into general health surveillance systems and Occupational Data for Health (ODH) into health information technology (IT) systems
  • Supports industry and health and safety surveillance needs, and addresses cross-cutting surveillance issues
What do we do?
  • Increase jurisdiction capacity to conduct case-based surveillance of priority occupational injuries and illnesses and include OSH variables in case-reporting.
  • Identify opportunities to use novel sources of surveillance data, such as audiometric (hearing) data, workers’ compensation data, and absenteeism data.
  • Promote and support the use of ODH for self-entry of OSH variables in health IT systems to support patient care and public and population health.
What have we accomplished?
  • Coded industry and occupation text for >3 million 2020 death certificates for 46 states. In collaboration with the National Center for Health Statistics, included these in the 2020 National Vital Statistics System Mortality File.
  • Released an Epi Info field template to collect standardized I/O information without an internet connection.
  • Increased access to oil and gas worker fatalities surveillance data on the NIOSH website.
What’s next?
  • Publish ODH informatics and survey tools to use in health IT applications, like Research Electronic Data Capture (REDCap) instruments.
  • Expand the NOMS website. Add (1) resources to help funeral directors collect useful I/O data on death certificates, (2) analytical resources for researchers, and (3) I/O data coding metrics.
  • Pilot ODH collection and use in EHRs in healthcare organizations to promote ODH REDCap survey use.
  • Create data visualizations to demonstrate changes in workplace lead exposure trends using Adult Blood Lead Exposure Surveillance data.
  • Publish Mining Industry and Workforce Survey results, a probability sample survey containing data on U.S. mining operations and employees.
  • Complete studies of (1) depression and mental distress among miners and oil and gas extraction workers, and (2) non-coal miners’ exposures to respirable crystalline silica.
  • Train 18 jurisdictions to collect I/O for COVID-19 cases and other infectious diseases.

Mention of any company or product does not constitute endorsement by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


The Surveillance Program improves the understanding of worker safety and health by identifying and tracking workplace injuries, illnesses, hazards, deaths, and exposures in the United States. This snapshot shows recent accomplishments and upcoming activities.

Cumulative number of records submitted* to NIOCCS
line chart of Cumulative number of records submitted* to NIOCCS

Includes both internal and external user submissions, crosswalks, and industry and occupation coding.
Source: NIOSH Program Records

Epi Info 7 field template collects and codes industry and occupation information
Epi Info 7 field template collects and codes industry and occupation information
Mining disaster listing added to the NIOSH Mine and Mine Worker Charts
Mining disaster listing added to the NIOSH Mine and  Mine Worker Charts

To learn more, visit
January 2022

Page last reviewed: June 5, 2020