Oil and Gas Extraction Program PPOP

What are our priorities?

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Oil and Gas Extraction Safety and Health Program works with partners in industry, trade associations, professional organizations, academia, and labor. The program focuses on efforts to:

  • Reduce worker fatalities, with an emphasis on motor vehicle crashes
  • Characterize physical and chemical exposure hazards
  • Develop and evaluate engineering controls to improve worker safety and health
What do we do?
  • Analyze surveillance data and conduct epidemiologic studies to identify leading causes of death and injury.
  • Characterize exposures to hazardous agents, such as chemicals, minerals, and noise to better understand the hazards and risks.
  • Develop and evaluate engineering controls for the workplace.
  • Investigate possible mechanisms of disease in oil and gas workers through laboratory research.
  • Communicate and distribute information to raise awareness of hazards and promote NIOSH recommendations.
What have we accomplished?
What’s next?
  • Publish a series of articles highlighting cardiac events, heat stress, and substance use cases in the oil and gas industry.
  • Publish results from hydrocarbon exposure studies during oil and gas extraction activities.
  • Publish results from the NIOSH survey of oil and gas extraction workers including information on driving behaviors, working hours, hazardous substances, personal protective equipment, and company safety policies.
  • Design a dust-control system for blending hoppers to reduce exposures to silica at hydraulic fracturing sites.
  • Develop a hazard alert regarding Welding Fume Hazards & Controls.

“Mention of any company or product does not constitute endorsement by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.”


The Oil and Gas Extraction Program conducts research, forms partnerships, and develops and communicates practical solutions to improve safety and health in the oil and gas extraction industry. This snapshot shows recent accomplishments and upcoming work.

Oil and gas extraction fatality rate (per 100,000 workers)
oil and gas extraction work fatality rate per 100,000 workers

Source: BLS [2020] Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of of Labor Statistics, https://www.bls.gov/cew/.

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June 2022

Page last reviewed: June 24, 2022