Oil and Gas Extraction Program

Banner image shows various job tasks within the Oil & Gas extraction field including, trucking, sand fracking, oil derrick work and manual tank gauging. Images taken by NIOSH.

The Oil and Gas Extraction Program provides leadership to control or eliminate occupational injuries, illnesses and fatalities among workers in the oil and gas extraction industry — a workforce critical to the energy infrastructure of the nation. This includes establishments engaged in operating and/or developing onshore oil and gas fields, sometimes referred to as exploration and production or upstream oil and gas. The Oil and Gas Extraction Program works with partners in industry, other government agencies, academia, trade associations, professional organizations, and labor to address the leading causes of work-related injury, illness and fatality to improve the health and well-being of oil and gas extraction workers.

Featured Items

Fatigued Driving Prevention Fact Sheets for Oil and Gas

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Oil and Gas Employers: How to Prevent Fatigued Driving at Work

Motor vehicle crashes cause over 40% of work-related deaths in the oil and gas extraction industry. Driver fatigue, which may be a result of insufficient sleep, long distances traveled to well sites, and long work shifts, is a factor in some of these crashes. In addition to the loss of life, the average on-the-job fatal crash is estimated to cost employers $671,000. Legal settlements can be even more costly. Oil and gas employers are responsible for the health and safety of their employees. This fact sheet recommends strategies for employers to manage fatigued driving among their workers.



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Oil and Gas Workers: How to Prevent Fatigued Driving at Work

Oil and gas workers drive long distances from their homes, lodging sites, and equipment yards to reach well sites that are often in remote areas. The combination of long trips with long shifts can result in fatigue. Fatigued (drowsy) driving is a major cause of crashes in this industry. Crashes are the leading cause of death for oil and gas extraction workers. This fact sheet gives drivers information about fatigue and tips to stay safe behind the wheel.



Protecting Oil and Gas Workers from Hydrocarbon Gases and Vapors (Video) DHHS (NIOSH) Publication Number 2017-158d Total running time: 13 minutes 25 seconds

Workers at oil and gas extraction sites could be exposed to hydrocarbon gases and vapors, oxygen-deficient atmospheres, and fires and explosions when they open tank hatches to manually gauge or collect fluid samples on production tanks. These exposures can have immediate health effects, including loss of consciousness and death. This video describes the hazards associated with manual gauging and fluid sampling on oil and gas production tanks and describes steps that employers and workers can take to do this work safely.

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Page last reviewed: November 30, 2018